Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por Chaco el Lun Jun 26, 2017 1:48 am

Compatriotas el gigante de la industria militar israelí IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries) ha realizado una exitosa prueba de un misil balístico de corto alcance que cabe en un simple contenedor de transporte marítimo. El sistema, conocido por sus siglas como 'LORA', existe en la versión tierra-tierra y el consorcio desarrolla una modificación naval. "Este fue uno de los ensayos más complejos que hemos tenido en los últimos años y marcó un avance tecnológico para IAI en las actividades de desarrollo de misiles", dijo el vicepresidente ejecutivo del consorcio, Boaz Levi, cuyas palabras recoge el sitio web DefesaNet. El responsable explicó que por primera vez la prueba seguía un "esquema operacional completo". Ello permitía evaluar tanto la maniobrabilidad del sistema como la precisión del ataque.

LORA tiene un alcance máximo de 400 kilómetros y garantiza la precisión del ataque en 10 metros. Lo más peculiar de este sistema es que no solo el propio misil, sino la lanzadera y el resto de los componentes, también se encajan en contenedores. Sin embargo, el despliegue, desde la orden hasta el disparo, ocupa menos de 10 minutos. Potencialmente esta tecnología puede convertir a cualquier embarcación de carga en una plataforma de ataque múltiple con misiles balísticos. El barco atacante puede acercarse a la costa o incluso amarrar en un puerto civil, preparar clandestinamente el ataque y abrir fuego cuando el enemigo ni siquiera espera un ataque. Cuando el sistema fue desvelado por primera vez en el 2006, las fuentes israelíes lo presentaron como diseñado para ser desplegado en secreto. Al igual que la modificación terrestre, la naval en teoría debe ser lanzada contra objetivos superficiales. En este caso el proyectil fue disparado al mar y hubo drones con cámaras que lo estaban esperando en el lugar de su programada colisión en el agua.

Israel prepara un contenedor marítimo con una sorpresa para sus enemigos (VIDEO)

24 jun 2017 19:19 GMT



Los armeros desplegaron en 10 minutos y lanzaron desde un contenedor un misil balístico transportado clandestinamente sobre la cubierta de un barco de carga.
 
LORA Weapon System Operational Demonstration
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i52JUuT4dY0
 


https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/242365-israel-misiles-lanzamiento-mediterraneo
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por Chaco el Mar Jul 11, 2017 11:30 pm

Compatriotas la verdad que esta información parece confusa, pero las llamas que hacen referencia no es a fuego si no a los animales de los Andes, informa el diario 'Haaretz', las Fuerzas de Defensa de Israel (IDF) van a reemplazar sus llamas de combate -utilizadas para el transporte de equipo militar, municiones y alimentos desde la guerra del Líbano de 2006- por robots que funcionarán por control remoto. sSe prevé que los aparatos sean probados en septiembre en unidades de infantería "con el fin de estudiar sus capacidades", ha declarado un oficial de una unidad tecnológica, añadiendo que aunque por el momento no hay intención de equiparlos con armas, esto podría cambiar en un futuro.

Los robots, de fabricación israelí, podrán transportar hasta 500 kilogramos de peso y los soldados regularán su velocidad de avance (pudiendo alcanzar los 10 kilómetros por hora). Tendrán una autonomía de un máximo de 8 horas sin necesidad de recargar sus baterías. Asimismo, se reporta podrán ser utilizados para evacuar a los soldados heridos en zonas de guerra y se espera que en un futuro sean capaces de navegar de manera independiente.
 
El Ejército de Israel reemplazará sus llamas de combate (FOTO)

11 jul 2017 17:38 GMT


Aunque por el momento no hay intención de equipar los robots con armas, esto podría cambiar en un futuro.


https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/244089-israel-reemplazar-llamas-robots
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por Chaco el Mar Jul 18, 2017 10:36 pm

Compatriotas el Ejército de Israel ha revelado la existencia de una base aérea que no había sido previamente reconocida de manera oficial. Según informa el diario 'Haaretz', hasta ahora eran de conocimiento general 10 bases aéreas operadas por la Fuerza Aérea del país. Sin embargo, una serie de documentos militares publicados en el portal oficial de las Fuerzas de Defensa de Israel (IDF, por sus siglas en inglés) de acuerdo con la Ley de Libertad de Información mencionan una instalación más de nombre 'Sdot Ha'ela'.

El archivo de la IDF detalla además la estructura militar de la Fuerza Aérea, sus divisiones, y menciona los nombres de todas las bases aéreas y de sus respectivos comandantes: desde la base Ramat David, al norte, hasta la de Uvda, cerca de la ciudad de Eilar, al sur del país. No obstante, el rotativo israelí señala que aunque existen planos y mapas de cada una de ellas, no se menciona la ubicación de 'Sdot Ha'ela' y subraya que tras su publicación, la IDF retiró los documentos al respecto.
 


El Ejército israelí revela la existencia de una base de su Fuerza Aérea, hasta ahora desconocida


18 jul 2017 13:12 GMT



El archivo de la IDF detalla además la estructura militar de la Fuerza Aérea, sus divisiones, y menciona los nombres de todas las bases aéreas y de sus respectivos comandantes.


https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/244636-ejercito-israel-nueva-base-aerea
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por Chaco el Vie Ago 04, 2017 12:48 am

Compatriotas el Ejército de Israel ha presentado una nueva versión de su vehículo blindado pesado de transporte de personal Namer, equipado ahora con un cañón de 30 milímetros instalado en una torreta a control remoto. Esta innovación lo actualiza hasta equipararlo a la clase de vehículos de combate de Infantería, que además de transportar soldados están pensados para participar en la batalla.  El Namer mejorado ofrece "una mejor respuesta al combate urbano" y permitirá que los combatientes sean "más independientes" en el campo de batalla, explicó el lunes el general de brigada Baruch Matzliach, jefe de la Administración del Programa de Tanques, a los medios israelíes.
 
Armado con un sistema de protección activa
Matzliach señaló también que la torreta del blindado está armada con un sistema de protección activa "que le dará nuevas y significativas capacidades", en referencia al sistema Trophy, igualmente conocido como 'ASPRO-A'. La torreta, así como el sistema de protección activa, serán utilizados también en el nuevo vehículo blindado de Infantería Eitan, que será presentado el próximo año, anunció el militar, quien agregó que el Namer tendrá que pasar ahora por una serie de pruebas antes de ser incorporado por las Fuerzas Terrestres del Ejército israelí. El Namer (que significa 'leopardo' en hebreo) está basado en el chasis del carro de combate Merkava. Introducido por primera vez en pequeñas cantidades en 2008, el vehículo es uno de los más blindados del mundo, y puede transportar hasta 12 efectivos (la tripulación y nueve soldados).
 
Israel revela la versión mejorada de su blindado Namer, equipado para la guerra urbana (VIDEO)
 
2 ago 2017 07:28 GMT
 
La nueva versión del Namer ('leopardo' en hebreo) está equipada con un cañón de 30 milímetros instalado en una torreta a control remoto.
 
נגמ"ש נמר עם צריחון ותותח 30 מ"מ

 
https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/245919-israel-blindado-mejorado-namer-video
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Sáb Sep 23, 2017 5:22 pm

http://edicionesparabellum.com/2017/08/10/misil-aire-aire-israeli-stunner-revolucionando-el-combate-aire-aire/

https://www.zona-militar.com/2017/06/06/israel-esta-probando-una-variante-aire-aire-misil-stunner/amp/

Israel está probando una variante aire-aire de su misil Stunner.

El misil Stunner es la punta de lanza del sistema de defensa aerea David’s Sling, el cual se declaro operacional en el mes de Abril 2017. Diseñado entre la israeli Rafael y la norteamericana Raytheon, David’s Sling es la capa media del complejo sistema de defensa aerea israeli. Se encuentra sobre el sistema contra artilleria Iron Dome y debajo del sistema contra misiles balisticos, Arrow. Al mismo tiempo se superpone con baterias de misiles mas antiguos como el Patriot, los cuales busca reemplazar. Puede ser utilizado para derribar misiles balisticos de corto alcance, aeronaves, vehiculos aereos no tripulados, misiles crucero y cohetes de artilleria.
Este misil es muy veloz, operando a velocidades hipersonicas tan altas como MACH 7.5 y cubriendo grandes distancias hasta 175 millas dependiendo en la dinamica del empeñamiento. Pero esto se alcanza cuando el Stunner esta configurado como misil tierra-aire, por lo que utiliza un gran cohete impulsor para llevarlo a gran altitud y alta velocidad. Una version aire-aire no tendria la ventaja de un gran impulsor, pero se beneficiaria de la velocidad y altitud de la aeronave lanzadora.
El Stunner cuenta con un motor de tres pulsos que entregan distintos niveles de empuje durante etapas del vuelo. En particular, provee aceleracion incrementada y maniobrabilidad durante la fase terminal de ataque del misil. El Stunner no lleva cabeza de combate, es un sistema de impacto directo “hit to kill”, asi que el misil puede ser mas compacto y ligero. Mas espacio del mismo puede ser utilizado para mayor capacidad de combustible que un misil aire-aire tradicional que lleva una cabeza de combate pesada de fragmentacion.
Sobre todas las cosas, el Stunner es unico debido a su sistema de guia. El misil utiliza tres sensores principales para guiarse hacia el blanco y pulverizarlo. Un enlace de datos le provee actualizaciones durante el vuelo para que pueda alcanzar el rango de activacion de su modernisimo buscador de modo dual. El misil tiene una especial cabeza tipo “nariz de delfin” que resulto a partir de la demanda de incorporar tanto un sensor EO/IR y uno de radar activo al mismo tiempo.
La combinacion de estos sensores hacen al Stunner especialmente letal y casi inmune a interferencias y contramedidas. Si el sensor radar fuera interferido, el buscador optico puede continuar guiandolo durante su fase terminal de ataque. Si contramedidas activas intentaran confundir al buscador optico, el buscador radar continuaria enganchado en el blanco. Basicamente esta configuracion ofrece una probabilidad de impacto mayor y una discriminacion de blanco mejor que sus predecesores con un solo sistema buscador, de la misma manera que su sensor infrarrojo puede programarse para reconocer e impactar partes especificas de un blanco, las mas vulnerables del mismo, sea un cazabombardero o un cohete.
Han habido discusiones previamente de que el Stunner migraria de la tierra al aire y que podria ser un sucesor muchisimo mas capaz que el Derby, tambien posiblemente desafiando al AIM-120 AMRAAM en empleo a mucho mayor alcance. La adaptacion de misiles tierra-aire a otras funciones no es nada nuevo. Actualmente Washington D.C. es protegida por una version internacional lanzada desde tierra del misil AIM-120 AMRAAM, conocida como NASAMS. El FIM-92 Stinger ha sido adaptado como un misil aire-aire ligero y de corto alcance para helicopteros. El AIM-9 Sidewinder como base del MIM-72 Chaparral y el RIM-66 Standard como base del misil anti radar AGM-78, estos son solo algunos ejemplos.
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Oct 22, 2017 8:22 am

https://mundo.sputniknews.com/orientemedio/201710191073302508-aviones-cazas-aviacion-pajarov-danos/



[size=40][size=40]El inesperado 'talón de Aquiles' del F-35 israelí[/size]
[/size]
© AFP 2017/ Jack Guez

ORIENTE MEDIO
04:50 19.10.2017(actualizada a las 09:33 19.10.2017)URL corto
25106382612

Un caza de quinta generación F-35 perteneciente a la Fuerza Aérea de Israel sufrió daños tras chocar contra dos pájaros y actualmente está siendo reparado, informó a Sputnik una fuente militar israelí.
Según esta fuente, los daños causados por el choque no son importantes, así que la reparación de la aeronave llevará solo unos días.
"Durante la preparación del F-35 para el aterrizaje en un vuelo de entrenamiento hemos hallado daños leves producidos después de que dos pájaros impactaran contra el fuselaje del avión", indicó.
Subrayó que "el caza aterrizó con éxito y fue enviado a un taller de reparación, como suele pasar en estos casos". 
En total, Israel adquirió a EEUU 50 cazas F-35 y se convirtió de este modo en el único país de Oriente Medio que posee estas aeronaves.
El informe llega unos días después del enfrentamiento entre los aviones israelíes y la batería de defensa antiaérea siria por la supuesta violación del espacio aéreo sirio.
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Mar Ene 23, 2018 4:31 pm



NAMER APC
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Mar Jun 26, 2018 7:00 pm

ISRAEL ESTRENA TORPEDO NUEVO:

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) announced on 19 June that is has acquired a new type of torpedo that it calls the Kaved (heavy) for its submarines.
“The torpedo systems possess advanced capabilities and characteristics, including increased precision and range,” the IDF said in a statement. “The operationalisation of these systems signifies a great advance in the Israeli Navy’s operational capabilities and ability to defend the State of Israel.”
The announcement came after months of testing, including live-fire trials in which targets were struck. A senior naval source said the final test was conducted overnight on 18-19 June by Flotilla 7, the navy’s submarine unit. “This is an event that happens once in decades,” the source said. “This will safeguard our operational advantage over a [long] period of time.”
He said the Kaved is made by a non-Israeli defence company that he did not name, but that future upgrades and all maintenance would be conducted in-house by the navy. It will equip Israel’s three older Dolphin submarines as well as the new three new-generation boats, the last of which is expected to be delivered by the German company TKMS in 2019.
The source described the Kaved as a very high-speed weapon that could hit both surface and sub-surface targets, including those at depths of “hundreds of metres”. Unlike the navy’s previous type, the new torpedo has a digital sonar guidance system that “lets us conduct upgrades in the future without changing hardware” and makes the weapon difficult for a target to evade by manoeuvring, the source said.
While he did not give specific ranges, the source said the torpedo enables the engagement of targets that are beyond the range that the attacking submarine can be detected.



http://www.janes.com/article/81230/israel-takes-new-torpedo-into-service
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Jul 15, 2018 8:18 am

Esto me sorprendió,más que todo,porque al propaganda hacae su eefcto hasta en uno sin darnos cuenta;reulta que el famoso tanque "merkava",dista mucho de ser,ni de lejos,el tanque emjor protegido del mundo ,y es que traigo  acontinuación unartículo que lo demuestra ampliamante,lamantáblemente está en inglés y me dá flojera traducirlo,se llama :"los mitos de los blindados israelies "...señores,el merkava es inferior a muchos otros tanques :




tanque merkava destruido por un t-62 en líbano 1982

https://aw.my.com/gb/news/general/israeli-armor-myths-part-2


[size=32]SRAELI ARMOR MYTHS – PART 2
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02/21/2017 - 13:03

A guest article by one of our esteemed community contributors, Life_in_Black
In Part 1 we covered some of the nomenclature myths, but now we will take a look at the crown jewel of Israeli tank design, the Merkava Main Battle Tank.

While the Merkava is certainly one of the most iconic tanks in the world today, there are several myths surrounding it that need addressing.
Myth 1: The Merkava is one of the most advanced tanks in the world.
When it comes to specifically the Merkava 1 and the Merkava 2, this is far from the truth. There is actually nothing at all technologically advanced or new about those two variants of the Merkava MBT, or, for that matter, the Merkava 3, but that's a topic for another day.
The layout with the engine located in the front of the vehicle was a novel idea for a tank, but it was hardly a technological marvel as APCs already had had a front-mounted engine for some time at that point. In fact, I would go as far as claiming that there was no real reason for the Merkava to exist.
Allow me to explain.




Wooden mockup on a Centurion chassis

[size]

In 1969, the British refused to sell Israel the Chieftain MBT despite the fact that for several years the Israelis had trialed two pairs of Chieftain Mk. 2s, one pair at a time. This left Israel in a pretty poor situation as the Middle East was very much an arms race going all the way back to the early 1950s and especially so after the Six-Day War. After exploring several options, Israel opted for building their own tank. Several designs and wooden mockups were completed in 1970, some of which featured a wooden Merkava-like structure added to a Centurion chassis. Early testbeds and prototypes were completed in 1970 using heavily modified Centurion hulls. One such prototype even used an M48 or M60 turret during testing.


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Centurion based prototype with M48/M60 turret

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The essential misunderstanding about the Merkava tank is that Israel didn't have the industry at the time to actually build it. Yes, it could overhaul tanks and make some relatively small modifications such as fitting captured T-54/55s with the 105mm L7/M68 (which fit surprisingly well as the 100mm D-10T2S was quite large itself) and modifying Centurions to fit the AVDS-1790 diesel engine paired with Allison transmission. But building an entirely new tank was something else entirely. Things as basic as casting procedures had to be developed from scratch.

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Centurion based prototype with M48/M60 turret

[size]

Israel was short on resources too, which is why in addition to using millions of dollars from the United States to develop the Merkava and the industry to build it, it was also importing steel from South Africa. This cooperation was quite extensive at one point as the South African Centurions were modified with Israeli assistance and the Olifant Mk. 1A is identical to a Sho't Kal. In fact, Israel offered South Africa the chance to buy the Merkava 1 for $810,000 each, but South Africa declined.
In any event, final prototypes were ready by 1974 and the Merkava 1 entered production in 1975.
One thing worth pointing out is that Israel did not build a pre-production series like most nations do. A pre-production series is a batch of vehicles the army puts through their paces to discover any faults or issues that can be corrected in the production version. Israel simply didn't have the resources for this.
The result of the Merkava project was a tank that was not only a few tons heavier than any other tank in Israeli service, but more importantly didn't offer anything new to Israel. Almost every component of the Merkava 1 was foreign or – if made in Israel – a licensed copy of something foreign. The list of Merkava 1 components includes:
[/size]

  • AVDS-1790 diesel engine
  • Horstmann suspension
  • Centurion tracks
  • AN/VRC-12 radio (built under license)
  • 105mm M68
  • Cadillac-Gage Stabilization
  • M13 Ballistic Computer
  • Allison CD 850-6 transmission
  • 7.62mm FN-MAG machine guns

[size]
As you can see, the components of the Merkava 1 are no different from the Magach 3s, Magach 6s and Sho't Kals already in Israeli service. What Israel succeeded in creating was actually just an indigenous copy of the M60A1, a tank which entered production in the early 1960s and entered Israeli service around 1971. But the Merkava was technically a tank made by and for Israel, which was all that mattered.
It doesn’t end there, however, as the lack of a pre-production series came back to bite the IDF after the 1982 war in Lebanon. Several serious problems were found with the Merkava 1s that saw combat there. First and foremost was the major shot trap at the back of the turret. This area turned out to be especially vulnerable to RPGs and other anti-tank weapons, which is why chains were a standard feature on the Merkava series starting with the Merkava 2. Additionally, older Merkava 1s were also upgraded with this feature. Even the Merkava 4 still has this shot trap and chains.


[/size]

Merkava 4 still sporting the distinctive chains at the back of the turret

[size]

The other major drawback of the Merkava 1 was the old Allison CD-850-6 transmission, which was the same as that used in the Sho’t Kals, Magach 3s, Magach 5s, and Magach 6s. The Allison transmission could not handle the strain of the Merkava's weight under combat conditions (I would not be at all surprised if the transmissions themselves were taken from mothballed tanks after the Yom Kippur War and thus were already worn), so a new transmission was chosen – this time it was a German one, the Renk RK 304 model. This new transmission was a major improvement, making the Merkava 2 finally perform as the actual first production model with the Merkava 1 serving as the pre-production version.
Myth 2: The Merkava is one of the best armored tanks in the world.
Since there's nothing high-tech or new about any of the Merkava 1's individual components, what is the state of its armor?
The common myth is that the Merkava series is extremely well armored, but this is far from the case. There are several things to indicate this. First of all, the technology simply wasn’t there for Israel to even build the tank properly, let alone use advanced armor technology such as various composites or Chobham armor (which they were not granted access to). Instead, they went for conventional steel.
Steel parts would be cast and then welded together to form the basic hull of the Merkava. For the turret, the basic form (which used the same size turret ring as the M48 Patton/M60, 85 inches) was cast and then refined by hand. Additional steel sections were added to the front of the turret to give it the angular, arrow-like profile the Merkava 1 and 2 are known for.
Even so, in places the armor was not very thick at all and portions of the upper deck and engine cover (the engine plate is entirely removable) were only 20-30mm thick. The entire front right side of the Merkava hull (alongside the engine) was also entirely devoid of armor to fit in components related to the engine itself.


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The gap on the right hand side showing the complete lack of armor

[size]

This isn't a lot of armor at all even when relying on the nice sloping of the upper glacis to bounce incoming enemy rounds.
The turret wasn't well armored either. The spaced armor made by welding steel onto the base turret does sound wonderful in theory, but there's something else that usually goes unnoticed: the trunnions for the 105mm M68 mounted within the "spaced" armor welded onto the turret. Even if the incoming enemy round did not penetrate into the cast turret itself, a round near the front of this spaced armor could result in the gun being jammed in place.

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The exposed trunnions on the Merkava 1 turret (note the weld lines where additional pieces are added to the base turret)

[size]

The final piece of evidence that Merkava's armor was much thinner than most people realize is the complete lack of ERA anywhere on the tank. ERA, or Explosive Reactive Armor, basically explodes on contact with an enemy round, thereby forcing the round away from the tank using the explosion of the ERA "bricks". Israel developed ERA throughout the 1970s, culminating in its combat debut during the fighting in Lebanon in 1982 (mounted on both the Magachs and the Sho’t Kals). Yet despite using the Merkava in combat, ERA wasn't mounted on it.
The reason for this is simple. In order for ERA not to damage the tank it is mounted on, the underlying armor has to be of a sufficient thickness to handle the explosion and remain unscathed. Even former Centurion Mk.3 hulls, with their 76mm of frontal armor, were given ERA on the upper glacis, not to mention having ERA installed on the stowage bins.
But this is the thing about the Merkava; by designing everything in such a way as to act as extra protection for the crew, it effectively crippled any chance of the Merkava being able to use ERA. It also means that the Merkava can be knocked out of combat quite easily even if the tank is later salvageable and/or the crew gets out alive.
There is an image by Rolf Hilmes available on the internet, showing the supposed layout of the Merkava 1's glacis armor. It's completely and utterly wrong. There aren't multiple armor sections like that in the lower glacis, as there simply isn't any room.


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Merkava 1

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Imagine the frontal armor of the Merkava as being similar to a triangle, with the flat base of the triangle on top. One side of the triangle is the outer plate of the lower glacis, while the other is the inner plate, separating the fuel tanks from the engine. And inside the triangle are the armored fuel tanks containing diesel – according to Marsh Gelbart, a 7cm fuel cell is equivalent to 1cm of steel protection against shaped charge ammunition.
What's more: while it sounds cool that the engine and fuel help protect the crew from enemy fire, the engine is not made of ballistic materials like the steel used in armor. Engines are made to be as light as possible, making good use of metals like aluminum and other lightweight metals to keep the weight down. Much like the fuel tanks, the amount of protection offered against kinetic rounds is negligible.
The same goes for all the other components placed in harm's way to protect the crew – they are pointless against kinetic energy rounds like APFSDS. The only real benefit is making the crew feel better protected, much like the Second World War practice of covering the tank with extra track links, sandbags, concrete etc. – none of that actually provided any actual additional protection to the tank but it made the crew feel better, resulting in slightly better performance.
While there might be some benefits against HEAT rounds, none of these solutions will stop APFSDS ammunition from penetrating. The crew might survive as the round might be slowed down enough to not puncture the crew compartment (although the driver doesn't enjoy such protection), but the end result is still going to be a dead tank.
And the Merkava is far from invincible. At least two Merkavas were knocked out in 1982 by Syrian T-62s, despite the Merkava not seeing much combat as the majority of Israeli tanks engaged in Lebanon at the time were Magachs and Sho’t Kals.

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Merkava 1 destroyed in Lebanon, 1982

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Myth 3: Crew survivability was the main goal of the Merkava project.
As I mentioned above, the main priority for the Merkava project when it was being designed was for Israel to build its own tank. Other alternatives had been considered, such as acquiring large numbers of American M60s (which happened anyway), rearming existing Magach 3s with a British 110mm rifled cannon, or developing their own tank. Even though the Merkava would be built using mainly US money, the appearance of autonomy on Israel's part was important to them.
With that in mind, crew survivability probably wasn't a big part of the equation at first. Bear in mind that while Israel could not afford battle losses that other nations might easily shrug off, it was also very assured of its own invincibility following the Six-Day War, going so far as to ignore a warning from King Hussein of Jordan that another attack was coming soon. This is why Israel fared very poorly at the beginning of the Yom Kippur War.
When we look at the Merkava in this context, we see a very heavy tank that wasn't quite as maneuverable as its peers at the time and that used a gun people were already familiar with.


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Merkava 1

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It had a rear access hatch for resupplying ammunition and the turret could provide -8.5 degrees of gun depression 360 degrees around the tank. Gun stabilization was added later in the development. What all of this means is that the Merkava was designed to be a defensive sniper more than one leading an armored spearhead – a tank sitting behind cover (like say a berm of sand) and shooting enemy tanks at long distances without having to move for resupply, while the Israeli air force had total control of the skies. Of course warfare had changed for Israel by the time of the conflict in Lebanon and it became clear that Merkava 1 wouldn't be fighting long range conflicts in the Sinai or Golan Heights.
Myth 4: The Merkava is a tank that can also carry troops into combat.
Another big myth surrounding the Merkava is that it can be both a tank and at the same time carry infantry like an APC. While the Merkava does have a rear access door that the crew can use, there isn't any room in the back of the tank for people because the ammunition is kept there.
As I mentioned previously, the rear access hatch is intended to resupply ammunition while the tank is in hull down position. This is something other tanks can't do as most have to be reloaded through the turret, which would be exposed if the tank was fighting hull-down. The ammunition is palletized, allowing for easy resupply to the vehicle, thereby keeping it in combat for longer.


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Merkava 3

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With that in mind, the Merkava can in fact carry infantry or function as an ambulance carrying casualties, provided the palletized ammunition is removed from the vehicle. Of 62 rounds on the Merkava 1, only six are kept near the loader while 12 are stored in containers of two each and the remaining 44 are stored in eleven clusters with four rounds per cluster. By removing the ammunition to carry troops, the tank's ability to fight is limited to the six rounds located near the loader. In short, the Merkava can either be a tank or an APC/ambulance but it cannot be both at the same time.
Sources:
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Mar Ago 07, 2018 11:04 pm

https://seeker401.wordpress.com/2014/10/28/israel-seals-a-144-million-barak-missile-deal-with-india-and-525-million-spikes-deal/

Israel seals a $144 million Barak missile deal with India..and $525 million Spikes deal








http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.622449

India will take possession of hundreds of Israeli-made Barak missiles for its battleships late next year, following approval of a weapons deal between the two countries that had been delayed for years.

The purchase deal was approved by India’s cabinet committee on security matters, headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, according to the Times of India.

Under the plan, India will take delivery of 262 Barak 1 missiles over the course of about five years, starting in December of 2015. These will be deployed on the country’s 14 battleships, which have suffered from dwindling missile supplies in recent years, according to the Indian navy.

The Israeli Defense Ministry refused to comment on Israel’s extensive military relationship with India. However, an Israeli source defined India as “a strategic state” with respect to Israel’s military exports and confirmed that the deal is indicative of the close relations between the two countries.

Israel sees the Barak missile deal as a significant step by the new government in India; one which could advance diplomatic relations as well as military ties. The newly-elected Modi is considered to hold pro-Israel views.

http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/186587#.VE7AmiKUde8

India has chosen to buy anti-tank guided missiles from Israel, rejecting a rival US offer, in the latest sign of burgeoning ties between the two states. The latest arms deal comes as India’s right-wing government clears projects worth $13.1 billion to modernize its ageing military, official sources said Sunday.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government will buy 8,356 Spike missiles and 321 launchers from Israel in a deal worth 32 billion rupees ($525 million), defense ministry sources told AFP.

The government is moving to speed up long-delayed defense orders and bolster its military. The Israeli deal comes after recent firing along India’s border with nuclear-armed rival Pakistan and tensions with giant neighbor China.

The procurement deals, worth 800 billion rupees ($13.1 billion) in total, were cleared at a meeting of India’s Defense Acquisition Council, headed by Defense Minister Arun Jaitley, on Saturday.

“It (the council) has cleared a deal for Spikes,” a defense ministry official, who asked not to be named, told AFP.

“It’s a fire and forget kind of missile,” the official said, referring to the fact the missile locks onto targets before firing.

“You can say there was a rival bid from the US for its Javelin missiles,” the official said, adding that India’s army trialed the Spike missiles “successfully last year”.

Significantly, this latest development comes just one month after India agreed to buy 262 Israeli-made Barak 1 surface-to-air missiles for its navy, to the tune of $144 million.

India is currently the largest buyer of Israeli defense hardware, and Israel’s military delegation to India is second only in size to its delegation to America. The two countries also have a Joint Working group on counter-terrorism, with bilateral ties flourishing under India’s new Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

———–

“India is currently the largest buyer of Israeli defense hardware, and Israel’s military delegation to India is second only in size to its delegation to America.”

good mates you would say..

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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Vie Ago 24, 2018 3:05 pm





Este es el grupo de canisters DEL NUEVO MISIL GABRIEL 5,en dotación en las corbetas  israelitas
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Vie Ago 24, 2018 6:00 pm

Un interesante artículo sobre la  principal clase de buques de guerra israelitas:

http://www.navalanalyses.com/2017/04/saar-45-hetz-class-fast-attack-craft-of.html








OTO Melara firing. Note the Barak 1
8-cell VLS and the Deseaver launcher

he ships are equipped with a slightly modified OTO Melara Compatto (Compact) 3in (76.2mm) fully automatic gun installed in a gun turret of which the shield is made of fiberglass. The gun turret is located at the stern instead forward of the bridge which is the usual position for almost every warship, especially FACM. The gun has excellent performance in any kind of role, such as air-defence, anti-surface, anti-missile and shore bombardment role. It can hit air and surface targets at a distance of 12 km and 16 km respectively with a rate of fire 85 (100 rounds per minute with a retrofit kit; it may be presumed that Israeli Navy has installed this kit on its guns and has carried out other improvements) and weight of shell greater than 6 kg. There are 80 ready rounds on the mount. Watch here a video of live fire exercises. In August 2016, the Israeli Navy was in contract negotiations with the US Navy to purchase 76mm rapid-fire guns from Leonardo-Finmeccanica. Israeli Navy officers said the new guns would equip Israel’s surface fleet of Sa’ar-4.5 vessels, US-built Sa’ar-5 corvettes and the four new Sa’ar-6 corvettes which are under construction at the German shipyard ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and of which the first is expected to enter service in 2019.



Each boat carries eight (Cool Boeing RGM-84D/G Harpoon anti-ship missiles in two Mk141 quad launchers amidships. These missiles have a range greater than 120km, a sub-sonic of speed of 860km/h (Mach 0.9) while they carry a warhead of 221kg. Harpoon missile has a low-level, sea-skimming cruise trajectory, active radar guidance and it is capable to perform pop-up manoeuver which it is a rapid climb of the missile to about 1,800m before diving on the locked target. Therefore due to this sea-skimming capability, the missile makes it difficult to detect and allowing it to hit the target just above the waterline causing a significant hit. Watch a recent Harpoon launch video from a Sa'ar 4.5 FACM here.




Years ago, the boats in the class were carrying also six single launchers amidships for Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Gabriel II short-to-medium range anti-ship missiles. With six Gabriel and eight Harpoon anti-ship missiles, 16-32 SAM, gun and CIWS, the boats were definitely the most powerful in the category worldwide. The sea-skimming subsonic Gabriel MkII was developed in the late '70s and has a semi-active radar and a maximum operational range of up to 36km carrying a 100kg warhead. The launchers were removed after this type of the missile retired from the Israeli inventory. Israeli Navy has modernized the Harpoon missiles through a programme called HEP (Harpoon Enhancement Program). The exact details of the programme are confidential. IAI has developed the Advanced Naval Attack Missile or else Gabriel Mk V, a missile with dimensions similar to the latest blocks of Exocet and Harpoon missiles, offers superior performance compared to most contemporary missiles, particularly when employed in littoral waters and sophisticated soft- and hard-kill defenses. It may be presumed that the missile will replace in the future the Harpoons aboard Sa'ar 5 class corvettes or some or on some of Sa'ar 4.5s as Israel has not upgraded its Harpoon missiles into the latest Block II configurations (RGM-84L) despite the local upgrades.



Cutaway of a Sa'ar 4.5 FACM in full armament configuration  that includes six additional Gabriel and 16 Barak SAM. 
At the bow of the vessels and forward of the bridge, a Raytheon Mk15 Phalanx Close-In-Weapon System (CIWS) is installed, a very popular system worldwide in this role. Phalanx is a rapid-fire, computer-controlled, radar-guided gun system designed to defeat anti-ship missiles and other close-in air and surface threats. The system combines a K-band digital MTI search radar and a K-band pulse Doppler monopulse track radar with a transmitter. As a self-contained package, Phalanx automatically carries out functions usually performed by multiple systems – including search, detection, threat evaluation, tracking, engagement, and kill assessment. The block that belongs the Phalanx of the boats, is the old Block 1 (upgraded Block 0 systems), and thus the system lacks the stabilized Forward-Looking Infra-Red (FLIR) sensor, the automatic acquisition video tracker and the other improvements which have the newer models such as the Block 1B. The systems in Israeli service are old models as they lack the larger magazine drum of newer Blocks (Baseline 0, 1 etc.) and the gun stabilization structure (barrel brace and muzzle restraint), thus they are equipped with a hydraulic gun drive that achieves a rate of fire to 3,000 rounds per minute. It is not known if the Israelis have improved the search radar sensitivity or have implemented the Block 1A's High Order Language Computer (HOLC) or other improvements in order to better process engagement algorithms, to improve performance against maneuvering targets and thus to increase accuracy. We may assume though, that the Israelis have certainly carried out their own upgrades.
Phalanx has an electrically controlled 20 mm (0.79in) M61A1 Vulcan 6-barreled Gatling type rotary autocannon that has an effective range of more than 3.5km and a rate of fire of higher than 3,000 rounds (!) per minute with a magazine drum holding 1,550 rounds. Notice also that the Israeli Phalanx systems are unique in comparison with other navies' systems, by having protection over the Gatling cannon and the magazine drum, perhaps because are located forward and thus the cover protects the sensitive areas from seawater.

All the boats in the class can carry if needed a special equipment for anti-submarine warfare (ASW) purposes which was obtained from retired Sa'ar 4 vessels which had been converted in order to perform that role. ASW capability is provided by two triple-mount Mk 32 torpedo launchers for Mk46 LWT torpedoes and a Harris (former EDO) Model 980 Active Low-Frequency Towed Sonar (ALOFTS) with its related equipment. The latter, is installed instead of the OTO Melara gun turret. ALOFTS provides a long-range sensor capability that counters the threat of extremely quiet submarines operating in either shallow or deep water. Automatic detection and tracking are provided for both active and passive operations, greatly reducing operator workload. The Israeli Navy has used EDO’s sonar systems in the past (Model 780), and after a thorough review, Israel signed a contract in 2006 valued at more than $7 million, plus options for additional systems.




The anti-aircraft protection of the boats is provided by the Barak 1 short-range missile system that was developed by Israeli Air Industries (IAI) and Rafael, and has both anti-air and anti-surface capability. The supersonic (Mach 2) surface-to-air missile (SAM) Barak 1 missile is vertically launched from two 8-cell modules (in total 16 missiles) located at the aft section behind the naval gun. Boats in the class have been spotted in the past, perhaps just for trials, with four such modules therefore those boats could carry up to 32 (!) Barak 1 SAM which is not just impressive armament for boats in the category but also for larger warships such as corvettes or frigates such a large amount of SAM on board. The regular load is though two modules. The missile uses radar Command-to-Line-Of-Sight (CLOS) guidance, in which a ship-borne radar (the IAI/ELTA EL/M 2221 STGR of the boats) monitors the intercept and continuously guides the missiles to the target in a maximum range of approximately 11 km. The system carries a 22kg blast fragmentation warhead and achieves a very short response time (360 deg. coverage by vertical launch) as well as a short minimum range (hundreds of meters) against any kind of air targets including sea-skimming anti-ship missiles and low radar cross section threats with a high kill probability in a variety of challenging operational scenarios. Except Israel, this missile is in service with the navies of Chile, India and Singapore. Watch here a video from live fire exercises where Sa'ar 4.5 and Sa'ar 5 launch Barak 1.




Except the armament and the electronic countermeasures suites which will be described later, each boat is protected by an impressive amount and variety of sophisticated decoys which are launched from three Rafel-built different types of decoy launchers! More analytically, the decoy launchers are the five 12-tube (one is twin 12-tube) 115mm launcher tubes for a variety of short and medium range decoys, the two 4-tube 90mm Long Range Chaff Rocket (LRCR) launchers and the massive trainable Deseaver decoy launcher that consists of twelve 6-tube (72 round launcher) 115mm launchers (140 decoys in total of six different types!). For sure these boats are some of the best protected in the world. Rafael’s IDS (Integrated Decoy System) provides the automatic response, optimized for specific scenario conditions. The advanced decoys are programmed in real-time at launch for the best deployment range. System synergy is achieved by rotatable launchers that make optimal decoy placement possible. The IDS design concept enables quick reaction time by turning launchers towards the threat and rapidly launching the decoys. The IDS design concept also facilitates operational flexibility, which eliminates the need for ship maneuvers, effective ship defense that capitalizes on precise decoy location and optimized defense which uses sophisticated decoy patterns to defeat modern threats. The Integrated Decoy and Launch Controller launches expendable decoys to provide automatic, optimal responses to threats according to conditions of engagement. Available modes of operation include: automatic, semiautomatic, manual, emergency and maintenance. The man-machine interface consists of one or two operator control units, either a standard console in the CIC / on the bridge or a standalone display. The following descriptions of the decoys are retrieved from the company's










The Long Range Chaff Rocket (LRCR) is a long range tactical confusion rocket used as a first line of defense against missile attack. This decoy is launched from the 90mm LRCR launchers. The rocket creates a ship-size decoy target at a range of 14 kilometers from the ship. The decoys create a large “protected zone” around the ship that deceives state-of-the-art search radars while the ship is still below radar horizon. the LRCR is deployed as a stand-alone high-performance decoy. LRCR decoys create optimal engagement conditions. They appear as legitimate, ship-size targets that mislead the enemy as to the ship’s actual location.







4-tube Long Range Chaff Rocket (LRCR) launcher



The MRCR is a Medium-Range Chaff Rocket deployed at ranges up to 1,800 meters, before the missile has achieved radar lock-on on the ship. This decoy is launched from the 115mm launchers. MRCR decoys generate large chaff targets which are detected by enemy missile seekers as a legitimate target. During search, the enemy missile will detect the large chaff clouds, lock on the decoys and fly away from the targeted ship. Based on decades of operational experience, the MRCR is deployed as a free-flight, fin-stabilized, solid propellant rocket that creates a high-performance, lightweight chaff decoy. For operational flexibility and optimized defense, the decoy uses a programmable electronic timer set for the optimum dispersal range at the moment of launch. Before an enemy missile has detected your ship, the chaff target created by the MRCR is more "visible" and causes the incoming missile to lock on the false targets and fly away without attacking the ship. MRCR decoys are especially useful against missile salvos.







12-tube Medium-Range Chaff Rocket (MRCR) launcher at the front of the bridge.
Behind, there is a 4-tube Long Range Chaff Rocket (LRCR) launcher.



The BT-4 short range chaff decoy provides seduction mode defense to protect the ship against active missiles that have achieved radar lock-on on the ship. BT-4 chaff decoys use rapid blooming chaff which, when deployed at optimum locations, create huge "targets" almost instantaneously that attract the missile seeker and deflect it away from the ship. The generated targets are huge; many thousands of square meters in size. BT-4 is deployed as a free-flight, fin-stabilized, solid propellant rocket which turns into a high-performance, lightweight decoy with a short reaction time and large RCS. For operational flexibility and optimized defense the decoy uses a programmable electronic timer set for the optimum dispersal range at the moment of launch. After an enemy missile has achieved radar lock-on, the chaff target created by the BT-4 causes the incoming missile to “switch lock” away from the ship to the decoys. The BT-4 decoys can defend against several simultaneous incoming missiles.







Elbit Deseaver 72-tube chaff decoy rocket trainable launcher



Although most anti-ship missiles are radar-guided, a significant number of threats have infrared seekers or use an IR detector to discriminate against false chaff targets. An IR decoy is therefore a vital asset in the ship-defense arsenal. If an incoming missile has an infrared guidance system, the IR decoys confuse the missile's seeker, so that it misses its target. If the missile has RF guidance, with an IR seeker to detect false targets, the HEATRAP decoy provides heat sources to make the chaff targets generated by the RF decoys (BT-4 or MRCR) more realistic and effective against dual-seeker missiles. HEATRAP is launched as a free-flight, fin-stabilized solid-propellant rocket and evolves into a high performance IR decoy that operates either stand-alone against IR-guided threats or enhances chaff to generate realistic targets against dual-mode missiles. The payload consists of specially designed twin parachute flares, optimized for high IR radiation in the low and high infrared spectrum. The programmable electronic timer is set for optimum dispersal range at the moment of launch.







The Rafael 115mm decoy launchers that are
installed behind the superstructure



Modern radar-guided missiles are a major threat to surface combatants. They are highly destructive and are capable of ignoring chaff decoys. Defeating these threats requires a quick response, adaptable decoy such as the WIZARD. The latest addition to Rafael's complete ship defense suite, the WIZARD distracts or seduces radar guided anti-ship missiles with chaff discrimination capabilities. The WIZARD is deployed as a free-flight, fin-stabilized, solid propellant rocket that opens out into a corner deflector. The return signal from a corner reflector has the same characteristics as a real target including scintillation and glint, since it is generated by a combination of reflecting surfaces, just as a real target. The WIZARD is compact compared to diffuse chaff clouds, which create a large opaque zone and create "self clutter". The WIZARD also prevents potentially dangerous situations in long encounters when lingering chaff clouds, not tracked by the ship’s systems, might serve as a “beacon” for a new threat. WIZARD is a high-performance, lightweight decoy. For operational flexibility and optimized defense the decoy uses a programmable electronic timer set for the optimum dispersal range at the moment of launch. The WIZARD is available in either single or twin corner deflector configurations.











Decoy launchers loaded with WIZARD decoys. Photo: Rafael







Launch of a LESCUT anti-torpedo
decoy from a Singaporean FACM



Modern acoustic torpedoes are a major threat to surface combatants. They have very advanced features and are highly destructive. Defeating these threats requires a quick response, intelligent and adaptable decoy such as the Rafael LESCUT. The LESCUT is a clever decoy that requires no pre-launch input/tests, which both shortens the response time and eliminates errors due to incorrect settings or operator mistakes. The LESCUT identifies the incoming threat and provides a tailored response, programmed to defeat all types of modern torpedo logic (i.e. range gates, Doppler shift, pulse discrimination, AGC/DVG, etc.). Whether the torpedo is active or passive, the LESCUT will be a legitimate target for it. Decoy operation starts automatically after launch, with the LESCUT submerging to its operating depth. The LESCUT analyzes the environment to determine whether the torpedo is active or passive and selects the appropriate deception signal for emission. Consequently, acoustic torpedoes will always prefer LESCUT as a legitimate target for homing in on; attacking it repeatedly and enabling the ship to evade the torpedo. LESCUT will operate for 10 minutes at a constant depth and then self-destructs and sinks.







The enclosed mast with MBATs around it, STGR at the left and ESM in the centre 



The guidance of Barak 1 SAM is performed by the IAI ELM-2221 Search, Track and Guidance/Gunnery Radar (STGR). Originally the boats in the class were carrying such systems but the one of the two systems was removed. The boats carry it at starboard or port-side and depending on the position of which the system is installed, they operate accordingly in formation. According to the company, whenever the hard kill of sea skimmers calls for uncompromising accuracy under adverse multipath, ECM and/or bad weather conditions, STGR is the ultimate Fire Control Radar to accomplish the task. The STGR is an extremely accurate, monopulse, dual-band (X & Ka) Pulse Doppler radar capable of tracking highly maneuverable targets after fast automatic acquisition, guiding missiles in single or salvo firing and directing guns against air and surface targets, with high anti-clutter and ECCM capabilities. ELTA (subsidiary of IAI) developed the STGR as part of the Barak 1 Point Defense Missile System for Israeli Navy missile boats. The typical performance of the system is missile acquisition at 15km, fighter aircraft acquisition at 30km, effective SAM missile guidance up to 10km, effective surface gunnery up to 20km (gun dependent) and effective air gunnery up to 4 Km (gun dependent).







The air and surface search radar is an Israeli development of the Thales Neptune TH-D 1040 S-band multi-function radar, the Elbit (Elta) EL/M-2208 and certainly not the 2218 or the 2228 AMDR (that both equip the Sa'ar 5 instead) as it is reported on many sources. The system is capable of long-range air surveillance and surface (sea) search, and has the ability to quickly detect anti-ship missile at the same time; in addition, can support ship artillery fire control and anti-aircraft missiles. About five years ago, some online sources (source example) were claiming that the boats were about to receive the new EL/M 2258 Advanced Lightweight Phased Array Naval Radar (ALPHA). Just recently, in May 2017, the first of the boats in the class received the ALPHA system. Israeli Navy will proceed the installation of the radar on two more vessels this year.



Each boat is equipped with an Elbit (Elop subsidiary) Multi-Sensor Integrated System (MSIS) electro-optical observation, target acquisition, weapon aiming, fire control and surveillance system. The system has been upgraded in the previous decade with a new third generation thermal imaging Forward Looking InfraRed (FLIR) camera. The new FLIR enables MSIS operators to receive high quality and long range video images under difficult weather conditions. System electronics were also upgraded. The new generation MSIS is comprised of a daytime TV camera, in addition to the third generation FLIR, and a rapid laser rangefinder. The system features flexible compact sensor packaging, high performance stabilization and high sensitivity and resolution.







Sa'ar 4.5 (front) and Sa'ar 5 (back) with a plethora of sensors. Photo: Kevin S. O'Brien



And now the most feared part: the electronic countermeasures! Seriously, there is such a mess-up about the electronic equipment on the online sources that I almost did not take anything into account. The thing I did is to examine carefully Rafael's and Elbit's product brochures and also to look carefully high resolution photos from different angles in order to identify systems but also to understand (or guess sometimes) their use. One of the systems I could not identify though, is the following one in the photo, which equips both Sa'ar 4.5 and Sa'ar 5 classes. I might guess that its objective is electronic support measures (ESM) and it is housed in an enclosed mast to avoid the wind erosion and seawater as well as to reduce the whole ships radar cross section(RCS).







The panels of the ESM system immediately below the EL/M-2208 radar



The electronic countermeasure (ECM) system that is capable of jamming and deceiving threats simultaneously in different directions, is the Rafael Digital SHARK. The system is comprised of a modern digital receiver, sophisticated DRFM based technique generators and trackers and integrated Multi-Beam Array Transmitter (MBAT). Employing the MBAT for simultaneous coincidence jamming, high transmitting power and fast beam switching, Digital SHARK sets new standards in naval ECM. This system enables the ship’s EW suite to support appropriate defensive response against all types of airborne radars, surface radars and missile seekers. Two MBATs covering 360º in azimuth, enable immediate positioning of a transmitting beam with very high effective radiated power (ERP). The Shark easily interfaces with Rafael’s C-Pearl electronic support measures (ESM) and other on-board combat and data systems. The C-Pearl-DV ESM is integrated with Digital Shark ECM system for a complete EW Suite which I might guess here, it is called SEWS-DV, a suite designed for both ESM and ECM applications. It enables automatic detection, data measurement and identification of threats. A single small antenna array handles both instantaneous frequency measurement and instantaneous direction finding with common multiple channel digital receivers. This unprecedented combination yields very high probability of intercept at full dynamic range and frequency coverage with excellent frequency filtering. Using a high performance digital receiver, the ESM system is immune to interfering signals.








SEWS ESM/ECM. Photo: Rafael







Digital SHARK ECM. Photo: Rafael







MBATs of SHARK and above them MBATs of NS-9003A ESM/NS-9005 ECM suite







NATACS COMINT/DF system











Sa'ar 4.5 with NATACS antenna



The boats have been spotted in the past with an antenna atop of their mast similar to the one that equips Sa'ar 5 class corvettes and similar to other European frigates such as the Thales Altesse. This is a variant of Elbit's NATACS Communications Intelligence (COMINT) / Direction Finding (DF) systems. The NATACS System is capable of coping with advanced agile frequency communication radios. This fully integrated system - equipped with ultra-fast, Wide Band Receivers and Direction Finding (DF) Systems has outstanding scanning rates enabling the handling of extremely dense electromagnetic environments in the HF/VHF/UHF/HUHF frequency bands thanks to its Active or Passive receiving antennas connected through RF distribution units, characterized by frequency hopping, burst, and other agile transmissions. Among its main features is the Automatic Direction Finding and "FIX" signal classification and identification capability, focus on signals of interest by activating various filters and criteria (azimuth sector, signal type, etc.), monitor signals of interest (content & traffic), high-level analysis of suspected signals and signals of interest and  high-capacity Digital Audio & IF Wideband Recording. In their regular load, the boats do not carry this antenna.







NATACS Communications Intelligence (COMINT) / Direction Finding (DF) system



Another system, that quips the boats in the class, which though I am not 100% sure if truly this is it, it is a system by Elbit's (Elisra subsidiary) NS 9000 family of ESM and ECM system. Most reliable sources report the NS-9003A ESM and NS-9005 ECM suite where the ECM fully co-exists with the ESM and both maintain maximum operational functionality with no mutual interference. Utilizing sophisticated power management techniques, Elisra's solutions minimize or entirely eliminate the need for time sharing between the ESM's signal reception and the ECM's jamming and deception systems. The NS-9005PR noise and deception jammer uses two non-stabilized multibeam array transmitters (MBATs) based on the RAN-1010 MBAT, each covering 180°.





The Multi-Beam Array Transmitters (MBATs) of two different
ECM systems, a variant of the NS 9000 (top) and the SHARK



Each boat carries one or two inflatable boats at the stern as well as one rigid-hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) that is launched and recovered by a crane located amidships. The boat's combat management system (CMS) is built by IAI and integrates all sensors, communications and weapons systems for synchronized performance of the combat system and ship. CMS provides a Common Tactical Picture and Threat Evaluation to support all levels of decision making processes and control resource allocation for engagements. The CMS assures effective utilization of the advantages of each system on the ship and optimal usage of their capabilities according to the situation. The basic traditional OODA (Observe, Orient, Decide, Act) loop model is applied to all major activities. The CMS interfaces with the major ship systems via a high performance LAN. Using fast Ethernet interfaces, the CMS provides a standard system interconnection scheme. Dedicated Bus Interface Units (BIU) support any other systems with special electrical interfaces. The combat room consists of Multi-Function Consoles (MFC).
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Re: Fuerzas Armadas de Israel

Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Oct 07, 2018 7:05 pm




















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