FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

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FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Sáb Feb 11, 2017 9:57 pm

En vista del previsible repunte de los ingresos por concepto de explotación de recursos minerales y naturales renovables,CABE PREGUNTARSE CUALES PROGRAMAS DE ADQUISICIÓN SERÁN RETOMADOS EN LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA,para eso es este hilo.
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por vudu 1 el Sáb Feb 11, 2017 10:25 pm

quedaron pendientes, AVIONES TANQUEROS, 2 TIPO AWACS, aviones de entrenamiento primario se necesitan más. Los TUCANOS ya no daran mucho más....





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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Feb 12, 2017 8:12 am

Yo no veo los tanqueros como una necesidad inmediata dado el enorme alcance de los su-30 y de los futuros su-35,ahora,el IL-476 MIDAS,puede funcionar como tanquero y como transporte y,aparentemente,podría venir algo en ese sentido:



OJO:apenas está en sus ensayos de vuelo..tardará algo.
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por vudu 1 el Dom Feb 12, 2017 7:21 pm

SI es lo que esta al pendiente, mas Y-8  PUEDEN SER ......

Con adaptaciones   para uso AWACS creo que existe una versión....

Los aviones de entrenamiento, primario si debe ser INMEDIATO.

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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Lun Feb 13, 2017 3:42 pm

Señores,este viene:



pterodactyl WL-1


http://www.uasvision.com/2013/06/26/china-claims-six-potential-customers-for-wing-loong/
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por Chaco el Mar Feb 14, 2017 11:15 pm

Compatriotas nick7777 y vudu1, si partimos de los aviones transporte, en nuestro caso ya tenemos alistado el Shaanxi Y-8F-200W, donde dependerá de la capacidad que tenga planificado la AMB, ya que de necesitar un mayor alcance tendría que ser usados los IL-476, que también podrían ser adaptados a los requerimientos de aviones tanquero (Ilyushin Il-78 / Il-78M) y del tipo AWACS (Beriev A-100), es claro que serían más costosa su alistamiento y mantenimiento.



En el caso de los de entrenamiento primario como sustitutos de los Tucanos, podrían ser la versión del Yak-152 rusa o china, aunque serían más parecidos en función del SIAI-Marchetti SF.260, ya que no tienen las capacidades como tal para ataque a tierra.



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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por dager48 el Jue Feb 16, 2017 6:37 pm

@vudu 1 escribió:SI es lo que esta al pendiente, mas Y-8  PUEDEN SER ......

Con adaptaciones   para uso AWACS creo que existe una versión....

Los aviones de entrenamiento, primario si debe ser INMEDIATO.

  Twisted Evil Twisted Evil KJ-2000 estaria muy bien por estos rumbos 
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por Chaco el Vie Feb 17, 2017 1:06 am

Compatriota dager48,  como podemos ver en el chasis del Ilyushin IL-476 (esta es la nueva versión de dicho avión que ya entro en produccion), podemos alistar la versión rusa Beriev A-100 y china KJ-2000, es claro que dichas sistemas son de mayores prestaciones, tanto en electrónica como horas de vuelo, cuál será el número de unidades a alistar, para tenerlos operativos las 24 horas del día y los 365 días del año, donde además hay que prevenirlas horas de mantenimiento en tierra, de ser de 8 horas de guardia, serian 3 unidades, más una para rotación por mantenimiento,  donde habrá que también colocarles tomas para reabastecimiento en vuelo, en dado caso de, o serán utilizados en caso de alerta máxima, esto solo lo saben los planificadores de la AMB.

Es claro que hay versiones más económicas en el chasis  Shaanxi Y-8F-200W, como el Y 8GX 5  KJ 200H AEW y Y 8GX 9  KJ 500H AEW, este último con mejores prestaciones, donde sería bueno colocarle la sonda de reabastecimiento de combustible.



Imágenes honor a sus autores
 
En el caso de los tanquero yo me quedaría con el Ilyushin Il-78 / Il-78M, por tener mayor capacidad de reaprovisionamiento de combustible, donde seque se han hecho una versión mixta tanquero/transporte, lo que nos daría capacidades de transporte táctico para maniobras en otros países, ya que se reabastecerían los aviones de combate, como se llevarían todos los insumos, herramienta , armas y técnicos de mantenimiento de todas las unidades aéreas a desplegar.
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por dager48 el Vie Feb 17, 2017 11:20 am

claro chaco estoy de acuerdo con el A100 yo prefiero el origen el ruso por que todo lo chino es ing de reversa de todo lo ruso pero lo chino es mas económico entre comillas de pende del punto de vista
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Feb 19, 2017 4:07 pm

@vudu 1 escribió:SI es lo que esta al pendiente, mas Y-8  PUEDEN SER ......

Con adaptaciones   para uso AWACS creo que existe una versión....

Los aviones de entrenamiento, primario si debe ser INMEDIATO.



Pues dado el derrumbe de la posibilidad del UNASUR-I,es factible que los candidatos sean :

1)el nuevo diamond DART-450:





http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/diamond-dart-450-trainer/

The DART-450 (Diamond Aircraft Reconnaissance Trainer), being developed by Austrian-based Diamond Aircraft Industries, is the world's first all-carbon fibre, tandem twin-seat civil and military trainer.
The design of DART-450 was unveiled at the Aero Friedrichshafen 2015. The first DART-450 prototype aircraft made its first flight in May 2016. The successful flight test paved the way for the certification process, scheduled for completion by the end of 2016.
The aircraft will be displayed at the Farnborough International Airshow to be held in July 2016 and is expected to enter service in 2017.
The aircraft is primarily intended for pilot training, acrobatics and reconnaissance missions. It is expected to offer low-cost competition to existing trainer aircraft in its class.

DART-450 low-wing monoplane design

The DART-450 trainer incorporates a low-wing monoplane design. The under fuselage is fitted with retractable tricycle landing gear.
The aircraft has a provision to carry an electro-optical / infrared (EO / IR) sensor gimbal that can retract into the underbody. It has a wingspan of 10m, maximum take-off weight of 1,700kg and empty weight of 1,050kg.

Cockpit and avionics

The DART-450 trainer accommodates two crew members in tandem configuration. The bubble glass canopy on the cockpit offers improved visibility and access for crew.
The cockpit is also installed with Garmin avionics suite, which includes high-resolution, primary flight displays (PFDs) and multi-functional displays (MFDs).
The cockpit is equipped with side-stick control and ejection seats. The side-stick will initially be mated to conventionally boosted flight controls, before being integrated into a fly-by-wire system when designed.

DART-450 turboprop engine

The aircraft is equipped with a single AI-450SD turboprop engine produced by Ivchenko Progress / Motor Sich. The engine drives a five-bladed MT propeller and offers a maximum take-off power of 400hp to 495hp. The emergency power rating of the engine is 495hp.
"The aircraft will be displayed at the Farnborough International Airshow to be held in July 2016 and is expected to enter service in 2017."
The AI-450S is a variant of the AI-450 engine and measures 1,108mm-long, 575mm-wide and 702mm-high. The engine has a dry weight of 130kg and is intended to offer 20% lower fuel burn than similar type of engines in its class.
The engine features a two-rotor design including rotors' core and free turbine with output shaft, and is equipped with a full authority digital engine control (FADEC) system. The aircraft has a fuel tank capacity of 450l and is expected to offer a fuel consumption of 90l/h. The operating cost of the aircraft is expected to be $500 an hour.

DART-450 performance

The DART-450 aircraft has a stall speed of 111km/h (60kt), while the projected maximum true air speed (TAS) is 463km/h (250kt). It can reach a maximum distance of 2,296km (1,240nmi).
The maximum rate of climb of the aircraft exceeds 15m/s, while the maximum endurance is eight hours plus reserve capacity.
The aircraft has a maximum operational altitude of 7,000m and requires a take-off distance of 600m and landing roll of 400m. Its aerobatic design allows for manoeuvring between the g-limits of 7g and -5g.




2)EL GROB-G120:




http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/grob-g-120tp-german-trainer-aircraft/
The Grob G 120TP is a two-seat, single-engine military trainer aircraft manufactured by Grob Aircraft. It offers a cost-effective military training solution for the air forces. The G 120TP is intended for basic and advanced pilot training missions, as well as aerobatic manoeuvres such as spins, loops, rolls, stall turns and outside turns.
The G 120TP trainer made its first flight in the first quarter of 2010. The Indonesian Air Force is the launch customer of the aircraft. Other major customers include Argentine Air Force, Mexican Air Force, Myanmar Air Force and Royal Jordanian Air Force.
The Indonesian Air Force placed an order with Grob Aircraft for the delivery of 18 G 120TP trainer aircraft, in September 2011. Deliveries began in 2012 and were complete by 2014.
The Myanmar Air Force received 10 new G120TP turboprop trainers from Grob Aircraft by July 2015.

Semi-monocoque aircraft design

The semi-monocoque design of the G 120TP incorporates an all-composite, carbon-fibre airframe and wings offering low fatigue. The composite airframe reduces maintenance requirements and offers a high structural service life of 15,000h. Developed as a completely new aircraft, the G 120TP integrates turboprop engine providing high performance.
The aircraft integrates a robust retractable landing gear and low tailplane design. The G 120TP is certified for IFR day/night operations. The aircraft weighs 1,550kg in aerobatic configuration. The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is 1,590kg.

G 120TP trainer aircraft cockpit details

"The G 120TP trainer made its first flight in the first quarter of 2010. The Indonesian Air Force is the launch customer."
The cockpit of the G 120TP accommodates an instructor pilot and a student pilot in side-by-side arrangement. The crew are seated on Martin Baker Mk.15B fully automatic lightweight ejection seats. The cartridge activated seats allow the safe escape of crew at various speeds and altitudes.
The glass canopy offers all round visibility for the crew, while improving safety during aerobatic training. The cockpit also integrates twin hands-on throttle-and-stick (HOTAS) controls and real or simulated panel switches, identical to those of advanced mission aircraft.
The seating layout allows the instructor pilot to easily monitor the trainee's operation, and use the same controls and displays to establish all stages of the training.

Avionics suite and engines on Grob's military trainer

The G 120TP's cockpit incorporates the Cockpit 4000 avionics suite from Esterline Technologies. The Cockpit 4000 is a fully integrated avionics suite, including two AMLCD primary flight displays, a tactical situation display, communications / navigation, engine management, stores management, collision avoidance system, weather detection system and a Virtual Tactical Training System (VTTS).
"The semi-monocoque design of the G 120TP incorporates an all composite, carbon fibre airframe and wings offering low fatigue."
The VTTS is composed of virtual radar, virtual radar warning receiver, tactical situation display, virtual stores management system and virtual avionics activation panel, similar to those in front line fighters. The open architecture simulation of the G 120TP delivers an ideal training solution for student pilots undergoing initial and basic flight training.
Grob Aircraft selected Frasca International's flight simulation technology and expertise for the new Grob G 120TP-SIM flight training device (FTD) in June 2015.
The virtual training system increases flight safety by minimising the deployment of additional trainer aircraft or operational weapon system inside training airspace due to its virtual targets.
The G 120TP trainer is powered by a Rolls-Royce 250-B17F turboprop engine driving a five-bladed, constant-speed MT propeller. The engine develops a maximum power of 456shp. The maximum continuous power (MCP) of the engine is 380shp.
Rolls-Royce delivered the first two M250 engines for G120TP trainer aircraft in July 2012, under an order to supply engines for the G 120TP trainers to be delivered for the Indonesian Air Force. The engine eliminates the requirement of aviation gasoline (AVGAS) as it burns jet fuel.

G 120TP trainer aircraft performance

The G 120TP trainer can operate at a maximum altitude of 25,000ft. The rate of climb of the aircraft is 2,772ft/min. The take-off and landing distances of the aircraft over 50ft obstacles are 374m and 497m respectively. The G 120TP has a maximum operating speed of 245kt. The maximum cruise speed when flying at 10,000ft altitude is 237kt. The maximum range of the aircraft is 735 nautical miles. The aircraft can remain airborne for a maximum duration of six hours.

http://www.infodefensa.com/latam/2015/10/31/noticia-aircraft-presenta-entrenador-g120tp-fuerza-aerea-venezuela.html










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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Feb 19, 2017 9:30 pm

Entrando en el franco rango especulativo :



The Hong Qi 9 or HQ-9 is a Chinese air defense missile system. It is broadly equivalent to the Russian S-300. Some sources report that the HQ-9 was developed with Russian assistance and benefits from Russian technology transfers. It has been report that it was adopted by the Chinese armed forces in 1997. Its export version, the FD-2000, has been exported to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Pakistan and Turkey are negotiating with China to purchase this air defense system.
   The HQ-9 can intercept various aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, cruise missiles, air-to-ground missiles, guided bombs and theater ballistic missiles at medium- to long ranges.
   The HQ-9 surface-to-air missile system was developed much later than the Russian S-300 and incorporates advancements in the electronics. Notably it employs newer computing technology.
   The HQ-9 uses two-stage missiles with thrust vector control. Missiles have a range of 125 km against aircraft and 15-25 km against cruise and ballistic missiles. Missiles can reach aircraft at an altitude of 27 km and cruise and ballistic missiles at an altitude of 15-25 km. The missile has inertial guidance with mid-course update and terminal active radar homing. This air defense system can perform air defense engagement in a massive air raid under intense electronic jamming.
   The HQ-9 launcher is based on Taian TA5380 8x8 high mobility chassis. Each launcher has 4 missiles in individual containers. Missiles are launcher vertically.
   A battery of HQ-9 consists of 8 TEL vehicles with missiles, mobile engagement radar based on Taian TA5570 10x10 chassis, engagement radar based on a North-Benz ND1260 series truck chassis, command and control vehicle, reloading vehicles and various support vehicles. The basic formation can be expanded into a larger formation. The HQ-9 battery can employ a wide range of radars, both search, surveillance, acquisition, tracking and fire control.
 
Variants
 
   HQ-9A is an improved version. It was first tested in 1999 and was adopted in 2001.
   HQ-9B improved version with longer range and extra seeker. It was reportedly tested in 2006. The missile has a dual seeker with semi-active radar homing and infrared homing modes;
   HQ-9C improved version that is currently under development. The missile incorporates active radar homing mode;
   HQ-19 a much upgraded version of the HQ-9. It is Chinese equivalent to the US THAAD. It was specially developed to engage ballistic missiles and satellites on lower Earth orbit. The missile is armed with kinetic kill vehicle;
   FT-2000 export version of the HQ-9. It is an anti-radiation missile system, intended to intercept jamming planes and air radiation sources. Missiles have passive homing. This system can engage targets at a range of up to 100 km and can reach targets at altitude of up to 20 km. The FT-2000 operates in conjunction with passive surveillance system;
   FD-2000 (Fang Dun 2000) export version of HQ-9. It is a long-range air defense missile system. It was first publicly revealed in 2012. This system has an extra anti-stealth capability. The FD-2000 has been exported to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan;
   HHQ-9, naval version of the HQ-9. It appears to be identical to the land-based variant. It is used on modern Chinese guided-missiles destroyers. These missiles are launched from vertical tubes;
   HHQ-9A naval version of the HQ-9A.


http://www.military-today.com/missiles/hq9.htm
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Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Feb 19, 2017 9:45 pm

HQ-9
The HQ-9 is China’s new generation medium- to long-range, active radar homing air defense missile. It resembles the Russian S300 system, but China is assessed to have developed variants of the system with a longer range, potentially up to 230 kilometers.
The naval HQ-9 appears to be identical to the land-based variant. Its naval type HHQ-9 is equipped in the PLAN Type 052C Lanzhou class destroyer in VLS launch tubes. The land-based HQ-9 system has an anti-radiation variant, known as the FT-2000 for export. The export designation for the air defense version is FD-2000, and its marketer the China National Precision Machinery Import and Export Corporation (CPMIEC) first made it public at the Africa Aerospace and Defence Exhibition held at Cape Town in March 2009.
In September 2013 the HQ-9 submitted by CPMIEC won Turkey's T-LORAMIDS program to acquire 12 long range air defense systems.After Turkey decided to buy HQ-9 long-range air and missile defence system from a Chinese company, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei told a press conference on September 27, 2013. "The Chinese government carries out defence trade cooperation in a prudent and responsible manner. China's military export does no harm to peace, security and stability of relevant regions and beyond, nor does it interfere in the internal affairs of recipient countries. It is in strict consistence with China's relevant international obligations. The aforementioned cooperation between China and Turkey is defence trade cooperation under normal circumstances."
The land-based version of the long-range HQ-9 probably incorporated some technology from the Russian SA-10. The HQ-9 is designed to be a long-range SAM to counter high-performance aircraft, cruise missiles, air-to-surface missiles (ASMs), and tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs). Technology from advanced Western systems may also be incorporated into the HQ-9.
Much of China's more recent air defense modernization efforts extend from Beijing's observation of Western military campaigns beginning with the Gulf War in early 1991 and Operation ALLIED FORCE in mid-1999. During the Gulf War, the employment of precision-guided munitions, stealth aircraft, and airborne C4I apparently awakened Beijing to the limitations of its air defense capabilities. The design of the HQ-9 SAM reportedly was influenced by these observations, and plans were made to upgrade China's C4I system.
The HQ-9 is a program to develop a new long-range surface-to-air missile (SAM). The HQ-9 development effort may be based on a Chinese-designed missile motor, search and guidance hardware based on the Russian S-300PMU, and guidance technology from the American Patriot. China purchased four to six S-300PMU batteries (48 to 72 missiles) in 1991 and purchased an additional 120 missiles in 1994. In 1993 it was alleged that Israel had transferred a Patriot missile or missile technology to China, though Israel denied the charges. In 1997 the US Office of Naval Intelligence suggested that "technology from advanced Western systems may be incorporated into the HQ-9." A naval version of HQ-9 could be installed on the Luhai-class destroyers if the HQ-9 enters service. However, China is said to have encountered difficulties with the associated radar system, and it is unclear whether the PLA is currently funding this program.
China’s HQ-9, also known as FD 2000, surface-to-air missile system, was one of the main highlights of the Airshow China starts in Zhuhai in November 2012. As part of China’s new generation of medium-to-long range missiles, the HQ-9, features strong radar and air defence capabilities. Its strong command and control capabilities also allow it to coordinate with other weapons systems to form a multi-layered air defense network.
Two Type 052C (NATO codename: Luyang-II class) air defence guided missile destroyers have been built by Jiangnan Shipyard of Shanghai for the PLA Navy. A total of 48 indigenous HQ-9 air defence missiles are housed in eight 6-cell vertical launch systems (VLS). Unlike the Russian-style revolver VLS, the Type 052C’s VLS is fixed with each launch cell having its own lid. The missile system utilises the ‘cold launch’ method, in which the missile was first ejected from the launch tube, and then ignites its rocket engine at low altitude. This launch method avoids the complex flame and gas exhausting pipes on the Western-style ‘hot launch’ VLS, and also decreases damage to the ship structure caused by the rocket motor blast.
The HQ-9 in terms of speed alone is not comparable with the US-Russian anti-missile capability. The HQ-9 has the world's largest warhead [180-kg] to increase its lethalisty and integrated combat capability, compared with S-300PMU1, S-300V, PAC-2 warhead weights of 143 kg, respectively, 150 kg, 80 kg. Although the design is more traditional, but because the large weight, the destructive power is second only to the special design of its detonation device S-300V2.
The combat systems and C4I capability microelectronics appearance are of Western style and performance, and more impressive than the missile itself. Electronic technology is the HQ-9 advantage over the S-300, claimed to be almost equal to its level of sophistication similar products in Europe and America. Technical and performance of the HQ-9 missile itself had ordinary performance, but the very modern reliable phased array radar electronic equipment has great development potential. With the rapid development of military microelectronics industry, the HQ-9 can have better electronic equipment, one area where the S-300 series is really behind in a lot of technology. Some display and control consoles are a generation behind, a 5 to 10-year gap. However, the more integrated performance and system integration of advanced European, American and Russian air defense missile systems have the upper hand.
To compensate for the gap between hardware and software, so that overall performance close to the foreign level, a small amount of production of the HQ-9 was turned over to the military after the trials, the Institute had already developed its own modified missile programs, especially the propulsion system of technological innovation, including: establishment of high-energy fuel HTPB tactical missile production line; using high-quality fiber / epoxy composite motor case, to meet a variety of complex loading conditions, the shell strength and stiffness of the stringent requirements; nozzle technology to high-quality practical than red the introduction of new products, reduce the overall weight of the structure. After the the improvement measures, the mass production of HQ-9A performance will be quite different, especially in the anti-missile operations, with appropriate improvements and upgrades of electronic equipment will become an advanced dual-use advanced regional air defense missile system. Now the HQ-9A system is believed to be comparable in performance to the Russian S-300PMU1 (SA-20).
By 2010 China had deployed at least sixteen battalions of the more-capable S-300PMU1 (150 km range) and comparable domestically-produced HQ-9, along with at least eight battalions of the even-more- capable S-300PMU2 (200 km range). By 2013 China had started to produce an improved version of the HQ-9, the HQ-9A. with improved electronics and programming, the combat effectiveness of the latter even better, especially more powerful anti-missile capability.
HQ-9 - Development History
HQ-9 area air defense missile was developed by the Changfeng Electromechanical Technology Research and Design Institute of China (the Aerospace Engineering Group's Second Insitute). For over half a century since the late 1950's, the Insitute has developed the HQ-1, 2,3,4, HN-5 and other models which entered production and service. By 2010 the HQ-7, HQ-9, HQ-15, FT -2000, QW-1, WQ-2, FN-6 and other models nearing mass production, while three models are being designed, and another three models have been readied for early pre-research and development project.
The HQ-9 is a regional air defense missile which has always attached great importance to the State, even if the decision to introduce S-300PMU1 did not terminate the development of HQ-9, it shows the special status. Investment in the HQ-9 had not been interrupted after several generations of leaders, and the attitude of high-level leaders often governs the fate weapons and equipment.
Reform and opening up in China's development injected new vitality with the improvement of relations with Western countries, China also took the opportunity to seek from Western countries much-needed military technology. However, because at this time SAMs were in transition from the second generation to third generation, the West was willing to sell the second generation of surface to air missiles, which did not meet the needs of China, while the third generation of surface to air missiles were not to be sold to China. There was also domestic resistnace, taking economic development as the center, and military spending was slashed, with most of the various branches of scientific research, improvement projects stalled for lack of money. The honeymoon with Western air missile air defense capabilities rapidly increasing desire, but nothing came of it.
An unexpected turn came from in 15 May 1989 visit of Gorbachev to China. Sino-Soviet relations were normalized, which had s been in a state of complete interruption. Subsequently Soviet trade was re-opened, and the former "comrades and brothers" in the Soviet Union signed many new weapons deals with China. The world did not expect the collapse of the Soviet Union in just a few months. Due to the collapse of the domestic economy, Russia relied for funds from promoting the arms trade, and the Russian military arsenal was completely open - including to China. Western countries imposed sanction on China, forcing China to look to Russia for more advanced weapons. Finally, in 1992, China imported from Russia in succession a considerable number of long-range S-300 air defense missile series to meet the land and to the urgent need for air defense.
The HQ-9 is the Chinese counterpart, with Chinese characteristics, to the US Patriot missile, which entered service in 1972 after the US spent a total of 13 years in R & D. The Soviet Union began the development of the S-300P in 1967 and also spent 13 years before it entered service; Taiwan's Sky Bow I began design work in 1981, and entered service 12 years later. The HQ-9 started development about 1980, which continued to 1995 for the initial small amount of production of experimental units delivered to trials. So about 15 years was required, given China's relatively backward scientific and technological strength to develop such missiles.
By Chinese understanding, there was still more than half of generation of the technology gap by 1995 relative to the United States and Russia. Though there were difficulties in the development process, the Chinese recognized that, once they broke through bottlenecks, HQ-9 production technology wold significantly enhance the research and development level of China's air defense missiles, enbabling the Chinese to catch up with the world advanced level.
The HQ-9 performance was less favorable than the S-300PMU, S-400, S-300V, Patriot II PLUS (PAC-2 +) and PAC3 in terms of engagement volume and maximum range. From the performance of these it can be seen that the engine technology and thrust efficiency of the HQ-9 are not first-class, reflecting the solid motor immaturity. But in recent years China's solid rocket motor technology has made a leap forward.
The HQ-9 was first test-fired at the end of 1994, after which technical progress was made with various modifications, such as composite thermal structure of the long tail nozzle, anti-static anti-RF safety ignition technology, in order to reduce the Motor Exhaust on missile guidance signal attenuation and interference, specifically a kind of modified low smoke propellant to substantially increase the missile's control accuracy and survivabilit. among these new technologies was [as with KS-1, S-300PMU1, PAC-2 +, Sky Bow I] TVM (Track Via Missile).
In 1997 the HQ-9 served in a small experimental unit that was involved in air defense operations. Combat alert duty missions shot down in high-altitude reconnaissance balloons and unmanned reconnaissance aircraft. In July 1999, after further improvement of the initial batch, for the first time therer were successful tests in the northwest range; in late August, the first air defense forces of another experiment in live-fire target practice at high altitude test, when the phased array radar long-range tracking immediately after finding target lock engaged a drone missile. Then HQ-9 engaged different types of high, medium and low altitude drones, the scene was watching the Air Force Commander Liu Shunyao and other generals who saw the HQ-9's superior operational performance and rapid response capability of radar electronic system, which left a deep impression, and they spoke highly of the system.
HQ-9 - Technical Characteristics
The HQ-9 is an advanced third-generation air defense missile system, characterized by large, multi-target anti-jamming and anti-saturation attack capability, advanced guidance system (with two command and control systems), adapted to the needs of modern warfare ; particular. It is the first domestic Chinese weapons systems with limited anti-tactical missile capabilities.
The HQ-9 is a two-stage missile with a length of 8.5 meters using solid propellant engines, a motor diameter of 700 mm, two 560 mm diameter, main engine, polyether polyurethane propellants are used. It has a maximum speed of Mach 4.2, and can attack enemy aircraft or missiles at high altitude. The HQ-9 has a maximum range of 200 km, engagement altitudes from 0.5 to 30 kilometers.The missiles are carried on three heavy tractor trailers, with four or six placed in tubes filled with inert gas storage on one, while the second vehicle carries the radar, and the third the command post.
Each camp has 12 launchers, 36 missiles, six missile to a control block, with 3-6 launched at the same time in different directions to the target, the first use of aircraft targets 1-2 missiles, ballistic goal of doubling the firing interval of about 5 seconds. Expand the whole system for about 6 minutes, the reaction rate 12 to 15 seconds, which are comparable to S-300 series of data. Missile maximum mobility 22G, reload time of 2 minutes, the vehicle carrying a maximum speed of 60 km.
The HQ-9 missiel is longer than 9 meters, 0.7 meters diameter; aspect ratio of about 12.9, close to the Patriot's 12.6. Weighing about 2 tons, with a warhsad heavier than 180 kg, the payload carrying factor of 11 is better than the S-300V and PAC-2 +, but inferior to S-300PMU1. As with other types of missile, the warhead is triggered by the radio proximity fuse prefabricated high-explosive fragmentation type. With a maximum speed of Mach 4.2 missile, the maximum flight time is more than two minutes.
The HQ-9 estimated minimum range is 6 km, a maximum range of 200 km, the minimum altitude ahout 0.5 kilometers, the highest about 30 km, with the minimum a slightly larger range. It can intercept ballistic missiles when the maximum range is less than 30 km, which is poor compared with S-300 series, which has a range of 40 km. The single shot killing ratio against an airplane is from 0.7 to 0.9. For the interception of ballistic missile targets, the single kill probability is higher than 30% is unlikely, this situation is also found in Taiwan ATBM.
The HQ-9 phased array radar is similar to the Patriot's MPQ-53, but different from the S-300 series. The overall performance is claimed to be no less than S-300PMV1 64N6 remote search radar. Azimuth scan angle of 120 degrees, tilt angle from 0 to 90 degrees, the beam width of 2 degrees, a strong anti-interference ability, the transmitter peak power of 1000 kilowatts, with about 60 kW average power. The radar can simultaneously track over 100 aerial targets at ranges up 300 km and speeds up to Mach 7, while the threat assessment system automatically selects the most threatening target and assigns them to the launching vehicle. The main antenna array has circular sidelobe interference cancellation for multiple rectangular array, Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) antenna works at L-band.
The phased array radar pulses with full coherent frequency agility (FA) technology aimed at jamming, for the main beam and sidelobe cancellation antenna selection with good spatial ability; with anti-clutter, deception jamming, elimination of negative interference, anti-radiation missile decoy to capacity; another extremely powerful because the power transmitter with a few foreign radar "burn-through capacity", can completely suppress the low-power jammers.
Air defense command and control centers have liquid crystal display and control units, each display and control console with two 20-inch color LCD multifunction plan position indicator (PPI). The weapons control computer (WCC) is a new ultra-large scale integration (VLSIC) 32K parallel digital computers, with fixed and floating point capabilities, there are 3 memory, both input and output devices and an external device interface, an officer and ywo soldiers are able to complete the entire engagement process, and through pre-programmed to self-test machine. The boards are all plug-in, repair and replacement is very convenient, improvement potential, degree of automation, better than the S-300 series.
HQ-9 - Anti-Missile Capabilities
The HQ-9 development effort was initially only required to combat aircraft, and the function of intercepting ballistic missiles was option. But after the 1991 Gulf War, the "Patriot" air defense missile intercepted "Scud" missiles, which completely awakened the Chinese designers to the need to substantially modified the HQ-9, so that it had and anti-missile capability, a development in keeping with the trend in world anti-aircraft missiles. At that time, with urgent homeland defense requirements, the anti-missile capability of the HQ-9 could not be implemented in the short term, so the central authorities had to negotiate the introduction of S-300PMU for homeland defense emergency, while the HQ-9 was significantly improved, so that it has a anti-missile capability.
Improvement work began in 1994, the main change the layout of the missile warhead design, with vertical launch technology, the introduction of more high-speed CPU and advanced specialized software, automation and speed of response, shooting and killing a substantial increase in the probability of other attendant. But subject to the limitations of the original design, its anti-missile capability still could not be compared with the S-300. Until 2000, with cutting-edge technology, China's national defense achieved a breakthrough, and the HQ-9 could be considered to have an anti-missile capability. It had been through several years of testing, and finally the first batch of equipment was sent to the air-air missile units.
On January 11, 2010, China conducted a test on ground-based midcourse missile interception technology within its territory. The test achieved the expected objective. "The test has reached the preset goal," but it "is defensive in nature and targets no other country", Xinhua News Agency quoted an official from the Information Bureau of China's Ministry of National Defense as saying. Some sources believed the test involved an upgraded HQ-9 surface-to-air missile SAM equipped with a new exoatmospheric kill vehicle for use as a ballistic missile defense. But in fact, the test involved the unrelated and much larger SC-19, which also serves as an ASAT.
HQ-9

[th]Specifications[/th]
PrelimnayCurrent
Contractor
Entered Service 
Total length6.8 m8.5-9.0 meters
Diameter0.47 m700 mm
Wingspan 
Weight1300 kg2,000 kg
Warhead Weight 180 kg
PropulsionSolid rocket booster2 solid rocket motors
Maximum Speed Mach 4.2
Operating altitude3 - 20 km0.5 - 30 km
Operating range12 - 100 km6 - 200-230 km
Guidance modePassive Radar Homingtrack via missile
Single-shot hit probability 0.7 to 0.9 against an airplane 
0.3 against a ballistic missile

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/hq-9-pics.htm
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Dom Feb 19, 2017 9:46 pm

http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-HQ-9-FD-FT-2000.html


Last Updated: Mon Jan 27 11:18:09 UTC 2014





CPMIEC HQ-9 / HHQ-9 / FD-2000 / FT-2000 

Self Propelled Air Defence System

Technical Report APA-TR-2009-1103

by Dr Carlo Kopp, AFAIAA, SMIEEE, PEng
  November 2009
Updated December, 2009
Updated January, August, 2010
Updated April, 2012
Text, Line Art © 2009 - 2012 Carlo Kopp
Imagery © 2009 Bradley Huang
Imagery © 2010 Air Power Australia





HQ-9 TELs on 8 x 8 TAS-5380 chassis with HT-233 engagement radar (© 2009, Bradley Huang).

 



  • Introduction
  • Technical Analysis

    • HQ-9/HHQ-9/FD-2000 and FT-2000 Missile Design


  • Production and Exports
  • HQ-9/FD-2000/FT-2000 Technical Data
  • HQ-9/FD-2000 Battery Components

    • HQ-9/FD-2000 TAS5380 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher
    • FT-2000 TAS5380 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher
    • TWS-312 Battery Command Post
    • HT-233 Engagement Radar
    • Type 305A Acquisition Radar
    • Type 305B/YLC-2V Acquisition Radar
    • Type 120 Low Altitude Acquisition Radar
    • Dong Feng EQ-2050 HMMWV HQ-9 Battery Scout Vehicle
    • HQ-9 TAS5380 Missile Transloader
    • HQ-9 Missile Transporter
    • HHQ-9 Missile - Type 052B/C DDG


  • References



Introduction



The FD-2000/HQ-9 was developed to provide a long range SAM capability, distinct from the medium range capabilities of the HQ-12/KS-1 series. The FT-2000 is a derivative which is fitted with an anti-radiation seeker and intended for engagements against AEW&C/AWACS and stand-off jamming aircraft.

The PLA have not been overly generous in disclosing details of this design. There is general agreement in open sources that the HQ-9 uses Russian S-300PMU technology extensively, including the cold launch design for vertical ejection from launcher tubes on TELs, 5V55/48N6 rocket motor technology, and a range of other S-300PMU components, including an 8 x 8 four tube TEL modelled on the 5P85SU/DU series. Some sources claim the weapon uses a two stagearrangement akin to the S-300V, but more recent imagery shows this is not correct. Slant range performance figures also vary across sources, between 50 and 100 nautical miles. What data is available suggests a missile which is similar in capability to early variants of the MIM-104 Patriot and SA-10C/SA-20A 48N6E, including Track via Missile (TVM) guidance.
 
The HQ-9 is supported by the HT-233 phased array engagement radar, like the H-200 modelledon the MPQ-53 and 30N6E designs, carried on a Taian  TAS5501 series 10 x 10 high mobility vehicle, common to the HQ-9 TEL and similar in design to the S-400's BAZ-6900 series vehicle. Chinese sources claim C-band operation with 300 MHz receiver/antenna bandwidth, detection and tracking range of 150/100 km, and monopulse angle tracking to resist jamming. The design bears considerable similarity to the 30N6E series, especially in the antenna design.

Recently disclosed imagery shows the use of the  self-propelled Type 305A, Type 305B and Type 120 radars as  the battery acquisition  radar component. The designation FD-2000 is for export configurations of the HQ-9.

Recent reports claim the missile combines midcourse inertial / datalink and terminal active radar homing guidance [refer below]. 

Cited battery composition is one  variant of the YLC-2V acquisition radar, one HT-233 engagement radar, 8 x Taian TAS-5380 TELs, with 32 ready rounds, one vehicle for battery positioning, one generator vehicle, one support vehicle and a mobile command post. A HQ-9 brigade level formation comprises six batteries. 

Recently the PLA disclosed the existence of two additional radars associated with the HQ-9 system. These are the Type 305A, modelled on the Thales GM400 AESA, and the Type 120 low altitude acquisition radar, which is similar in configuration to the earlier JY-29, JY-11B and YLC-18, but operating at a lower frequency to the latter. These radars perform analogous functions to the 64N6E Big Bird and 76N6 Clam Shell in the SA-20 battery, respectively. The Type 305B / YLC-2V series radar performs analogous functions to the ST-68U Tin Shield in early SA-20 variants, and 96L6 in the SA-20B and SA-21.

The HHQ-9 is the navalised variant of the HQ-9, launched from a VLS system, on the Type 052C Luyang II class DDG.
 
According the US DoD, the FT-2000 has yet to be deployed, as is the case with the follow-on HQ-9 variants. Open sources describe the FT2000 as an inertially guided SAM with an anti-radiation terminal seeker, programmed before launch for the characteristics of the intended target. Cited frequency coverage is 2-18 GHz. Each battery includes four  unspecified ESM vehicles, used to generate targeting data for the missile battery. Intended targets including support jamming aircraft, aircraft equipped with self-protection jammers, and other radiating airborne targets, e.g. AWACS/AEW&C. The type of passive targeting system has not been disclosed, but variants of the CETC YLC-20 presented then as the most likely candidate. The more recent DWL002 is much better suited.






CETC DWL002 Passive Detection System fully deployed (CETC image).

To date there has been no evidence displayed of integration between the HQ-9 battery components and the new CETC DWL002 Passive Detection System, which has been engineered from the outset with a heightfinding capability to support SAM battery engagement radar cueing and possibly missile midcourse guidance. The high production expense of duplicating antenna and receiver chains to provide a genuine 3D capability as done in the DWL002 design would not be incurred if its role was confined to simple area surveillance, as is the case with its 2D  only Warsaw Pact developed predecessors. Co-deployment of the DWL002 with HQ-9 battery acquisition radars is thus a very likely near future development. The system would be compatible with the TVM (SAGG) guidance of standard HQ-9/FD-2000 rounds as well as the FT-2000 anti-radiation round.

Given that the FT-2000 is derived from the HQ-9, claims that this weapon has not been deployed should be treated with caution, since the missile and its guidance support package could have been integrated into the baseline HQ-9 system design, and other than by covert intelligence gathering or PLA disclosure, this cannot be easily determined by simple observation. It is entirely conceivable that a HQ-9 battery could be armed with a mix of HQ-9 /FD-2000 and FT-2000 rounds, and this could only be determined in combat once missiles are actually launched and enter their terminal guidance phase.



Technical Analysis




The HQ-9 family of missiles are clearly derived from the Russian S-300PMU / SA-10C  Grumble and S-300PMU1 / SA-20A Gargoyle family of SAMs, but with numerous unique design changes. Cited kinematic performance typically falls in between the SA-10C and SA-20A, making the HQ-9 systems credible equivalents to various MIM-104 Patriot variants.

Like its Russian ancestors, the HQ-9 is designed from the outset for “hide, shoot and scoot” operations, with high mobility vehicles employed for all critical battery components.

In operational planning terms, the HQ-9 should be treated as equivalent to early model SA-20 variants, with the caveat that the different acquisition radar package will impose unique planning requirements, especially in terms of EWSP and SOJ requirements. The possibility of FT-2000 antiradiation rounds being mixed into HQ-9/FD-2000 TEL payloads presents a series of  operational  risks all of its own.

The high mobility of the HQ-9 family of weapons will present similar SEAD/DEAD challenges as seen with late model SA-10, SA-20 and SA-21 variants, especially if a disciplined “hide, shoot and scoot” doctrine is followed by HQ-9 operators.

Chinese sources claim that the HQ-9 family of systems employ much newer computing technology than imported Russian S-300PMU/PMU1/PMU2 systems. This suggests a equal or superior computing capability for signal processing, data processing and guidance support.

The HQ-9 family of systems should not be underestimated - they will be credible equivalents to the SA-20 family of systems.



HQ-9/HHQ-9/FD-2000 and FT-2000 Missile Design




HHQ-9 launch at motor ignition (via Chinese Internet).

The basic airframe configuration and internal layout of the HQ-9/HHQ-9/FD-2000 round appear identical to the Russian Almaz-Antey/Fakel 5V55/48N6 family of SAMs. The only notable difference is the redesign of the TVC vanes, which are situated aft of the nozzle in the Chinese missile.

The FT-2000 airframe appears to be a direct derivative of the HQ-9/HHQ-9/FD-2000 design, but with additional cruciform strakes, likely intended to improve endgame turning performance, and possibly improve post-burnout glide range. Chinese marketing material indicates the airframe is one metre shorter than the Russian 5V55/48N6.

No details have been disclosed on the seeker employed. Given the design heritage of the missile, the baseline seeker is likely to be a direct derivative of earlier variants of the 48N6E/E1 seeker, employing TVM (SAGG) guidance, and midcourse datalink corrected inertial guidance. 

Claims have also emerged of an active radar seeker, but these should be treated with caution as Chinese industry has little experience with such, licencing the Russian Agat 9B-1103M design for the PL-12 AAM. However, in the long term it is likely that an active seeker will find its way into the missile, as this is a strong trend in contemporary long range SAM design.

There are also claims of an alternate HQ-9B configuration, employing a dual mode semi-active radar homing and scanning infrared seeker, claimed by Janes to be an imaging IR seeker1. The latter would not present unusual difficulties as China has designed a range of scanning IR seekers for air to air missiles.

The seeker for the FT-2000 variant is described as a wideband design, covering 2 - 18 GHz. To date only one very poor quality image has emerged, suggesting an unusual planar array design antenna. The low visibility of the FT-2000 as a unique product in recent marketing literature could indicate that the seeker was integrated into a standard FD-2000 airframe, merging the two designs. A single airframe with alternate HQ-9/9A TVM (SAGG), HQ-9B dual-mode and FT-2000 anti-radiation seekers would be operationally more flexible and cheaper than unique designs, and would permit mixed type salvo launches to complicate defensive options. The addition of a fourth active radar seeker type would increase the potency of the mix. The Russians have employed this strategy in several air-air missile designs. Until disclosures are made the PLA or manufacturer, the strategy in seeker deployment is unlikely to be fully understood.

The promixity fuse and warhead design have not been disclosed. They are likely to be based upon the 5V55/48N6 series.

Cited kinematic performance suggests the solid propellant motor is based on early 48N6 technology.

The FD-2000/HQ-9 round resembles the Soviet 5V55 series, with the exception of prominent external TVC vanes (via Chinese Internet).


Cutaway of the FT-2000 round from brochure material. Note the additional cruciform strake absent in the 5V55/48N6 family of missile airframes, and the baseline HQ-9 (via R.D. Fisher).


Chinese internet images described as the HQ-9 round, but more likely a Soviet era 5V55 series round. Below nozzle. Note the TVC vanes coupled to the aerodynamic controls, and different cruciform tail geometry (via Chinese Internet).



Production and Exports




The HQ-9 has been in production for PLA-AF and PLA-N deployment for a number of years. The US DoD puts current deployments at 64 launchers, making for 8 to 16 batteries.

Since late 2008 the HQ-9 has been offered for export under the designation FD-2000. The anti-radiation FT-2000 was offered for export a decade ago.

To date there have been claims that Pakistan is procuring a number of systems, but details remain to be confirmed. Iran is also a possible future client, following the difficulties they have experienced in procuring the S-300PMU1 / SA-20 Gargoyle from Russia - there have been numerous speculative claims of an acquisition but no evidence to support them.

Given China's active marketing effort in Latin America, South Asia and most recently, Africa, it is likely that HQ-9 derivatives will be widely exported, as more affordable analogues to the Russian S-300PMU2 / SA-20B  and S-400 / SA-21.


HQ-9/FD-2000/FT-2000 Technical Data



FD-2000 / HQ-9 SAM Characteristics2
Operational Range (Aircraft Target)
7 - 125 km
Operational Altitude (Aircraft Target)25 m - 27 km
Operational Range (Cruise Missile Target)7 - 15 km
Operational Altitude (Cruise Missile Target)>25 m
Operational Range (Ballistic Missile Target)7 - 25 km
Operational Altitude (Ballistic Missile Target)2 - 15 km
Operational Range (Supersonic Missile Target)7 - 50 km
Operational Altitude (Supersonic Missile Target)1 - 18 km
FT-2000 Anti-Radiation SAM Characteristics  (CNPMIEC)
Operational Range
12 - 100 km 
Operational Altitude
3 - 20 km
Missile Weight
1,300 kg
Missile Length
6.8 m
Missile Diameter
0.446 m
Seeker Band Coverage
2 to 18 GHz


HQ-9/FD-2000 Battery Components



HQ-9/FD-2000 Battery Components
System
Function/Composition
Vehicle
TWS-312
Self Propelled Command Post
-
-
Site Survey Vehicle
EQ-2050 HMMWV
HT-233
Self Propelled Engagement Radar
TAS-5380
Type 305B/YLC-2V
Self Propelled Acquisition RadarND1260
-
Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher
TAS-5380
-
Transporter / Transloader / Crane Four Launch Tubes
TAS-5380
-
Mobile Diesel Power Generator 200 kW
-
-
Mobile Mains Grid Power Converter
-



HQ-9/FD-2000 Battery Component Options
Type 305A
Mobile Acquisition RadarND1260
Type 120
Semi-Mobile Low Altitude Acquisition RadarND1260


HQ-9/FD-2000 TAS5380 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher





HQ-9 TEL using the Taian TAS-5380 chassis. Additional image [1] (via Chinese Internet).



HQ-9 TELs on parade in 2009
 (via Chinese Internet).



Above: HQ-9 TEL crew erecting the datalink mast for the TEL. Unlike the Russian 5P85SE/TE series TELs with self-deploying masts, the HQ-9 TEL uses a simpler and cheaper manually deployed and stowed mast design. 




Left: HQ-9 TEL control and status panel open and in operation. Like numerous Russian TEL designs, the HQ-9 TEL can be deployed and controlled from a central panel.
 Imagery CCTV7 January, 2010.


HQ-9/FD-2000 TAS5380 Self Propelled TEL Details





Above, below: early TAS5380 TEL on display at Datangshan (Zhenguan Studio, © 2010 Air Power Australia).



Above, below: detail of telescoping datalink mast without the antenna. Note the external tethered coaxial cable used for the antenna feed - Russian self-propelled TELs have the cable internal to the mast using a spool feed (Zhenguan Studio, © 2010 Air Power Australia).


  
HQ-9 aft view of the deployed launch tube / transport container assemblies (Zhenguan Studio, © 2010 Air Power Australia).


HQ-9 forward view of the deployed launch tube / transport container assemblies, with the hydraulically elevated gantry exposed - the ram arrangement is modelled on the S-300P self-propelled variant TELs and is similar to a dump truck arrangement. Note the embedded hydraulic rams in the gantry used to position the launchers once upright (Zhenguan Studio, © 2010 Air Power Australia).


Above, below: detail of missile umbilical interfaces, with cables removed. These provide the prelaunch electrical power and signal interfaces to the missile inside the launcher tube. Operational TELs would show the cables installed, commonly observed on images of S-300P series TELs (Zhenguan Studio, © 2010 Air Power Australia).



FT-2000 TAS5380 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher





FT-2000 TEL on a variant of the 8 x 8 Taian TAS-5380 chassis. Note the telescoping datalink antenna, absent on the HQ-9 TEL design. The hydraulic elevating launcher structural frame appears identical to the HQ-9 TEL design (CPMIEC brochure image).


TWS-312 Battery Command Post





No details disclosed to date.


HT-233 Engagement Radar



 


Production HT-233 PESA engagement radar on the 10 x 10 Taian TAS5501 series chassis (© 2009, Bradley Huang).


Type 305A Acquisition Radar





Type 305A acquisition radar deployed, in the background  to the right for comparison the Type 305B, based on the YLC-2V. The van parked behind the Type 305A radar head vehicle contains the operator stations. All are carried by North-Benz ND-1260 series trucks, a licenced Mercedes-Benz NG80 (© 2009, Bradley Huang). 


Type 305B/YLC-2V Acquisition Radar





Type 305B acquisition radars with antenna deployed (via Chinese Internet).


Type 120 Low Altitude Acquisition Radar





Aft view of Type 120 fully deployed (via Chinese Internet).


Dong Feng EQ-2050 HMMWV HQ-9 Battery Scout Vehicle




The Dong Feng EQ-2050 HMMWV is employed frequently as the battery scout vehicle.


HQ-9 TAS5380 Missile Transloader




At least two vehicle types exist for the transportation of HQ-9 reloads. Above is an 8 x 8 TAS5380 series high mobility transloader/transporter, clearly derived from the HQ-9 TEL (via Chinese Internet).


HQ-9 Missile Transporter




A 6 x 6 HQ-9 transporter vehicle, the vehicle is likely to be a North-Benz ND1260 series (via Chinese Internet). 


HHQ-9 Missile - Type 052B/C DDG





HHQ-9 launch at motor ignition. The missile airframe closely resembles the 5V55/48N6 series (via Chinese Internet).


HHQ-9 launch, the weapon employs much the same cold launch technology as the Russian S-300P series it was modelled upon (via Chinese Internet).


HHQ-9 rounds on parade. The prominent external TVC vanes are very visible on these examples (via Chinese Internet).




References


  1. HQ-9/-15, and RF-9 (HHQ-9 and S-300) (China), Defensive weapons, Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems, published 07 January 2010, URI: http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-Strategic-Weapon-Systems/HQ-915-and-RF-9-HHQ-9-and-S-300-China.html .
  2. Zhongguo zhenshi chukou hongqi-9 diduikong daodan’, Tanke zhuangjia cheliang, 2009 Niandi, 2 Qi, Zhongdi  277, p. 2





Technical Report APA-TR-2009-1103
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por Chaco el Lun Feb 20, 2017 10:25 pm

Compatriota nick7777, en lo referente al Diamond DART-450 por lo que puede leer en la Wed, es de reciente  creación y  su vuelo inaugural fue en mayo 2016, siendo de entrenamiento y reconocimiento, donde con su motor aparentemente no habría problema ya que es de Ucrania, no así COIN pero se prevé un futuro desarrollo del mismos.

En lo referente al Grob G 120, tiene unos detalles por sus platas motrices, la versión G 120A de pistón con un motor Lycoming AEIO-540-D4D5 de 6 cilindros, otra versión son  G 120TP versión turbo propulsad con un motor de avión Rolls Royce 250-B17F, si mal no recuerdo dicho avión ya fue probado por la AMB, siendo de entrenamiento y acrobático.

Donde me quedaría con el primero, ya que sería más parecido a nuestros Embraer EMB 312 Tucano.   
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Lun Feb 20, 2017 10:52 pm

@Chaco escribió:
Compatriota nick7777, en lo referente al Diamond DART-450 por lo que puede leer en la Wed, es de reciente  creación y  su vuelo inaugural fue en mayo 2016, siendo de entrenamiento y reconocimiento, donde con su motor aparentemente no habría problema ya que es de Ucrania, no así COIN pero se prevé un futuro desarrollo del mismos.
En lo referente al Grob G 120, tiene unos detalles por sus platas motrices, la versión G 120A de pistón con un motor Lycoming AEIO-540-D4D5 de 6 cilindros, otra versión son  G 120TP versión turbo propulsad con un motor de avión Rolls Royce 250-B17F, si mal no recuerdo dicho avión ya fue probado por la AMB, siendo de entrenamiento y acrobático.
Donde me quedaría con el primero, ya que sería más parecido a nuestros Embraer EMB 312 Tucano.   
Buehhh...si habría problemas:los ucranianos son títeres yankys e igual nos podrían vetar el motorcito si su amo gringo se lo pide,con el ivchenko del k-8 no hay problema,porque es una copia licenciada a china por ucrania .
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Miér Feb 22, 2017 9:29 pm

La que debería ser la versión para venezuela :








The serial production of Pantsir-SM air defense system, produced by KBP Instrument Design Bureau, may start in 2018, according to Vladimir Popov, head of the company “Shcheglovsky Val (manufacturer complexes).

“I think that in two years we will reach the stage of production of the first batch of this vehicle. Stage engineering design completed. In this year or early next year we will begin prototyping “- he said.

The Pantsir-SM is an improved version of Russian Pantsir-S1 short to medium range surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery weapon system. The new Pantsir-SM air defense system is mounted on new special*chassis developed by KamAZ.

The new Pantsir will be able to identify targets at a distance of 75 kilometers (in contrast to the current model’s 40-kilometer capability. The Pantsir-SM is to enter service in 2018–2019.
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Miér Feb 22, 2017 10:03 pm

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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por dager48 el Jue Feb 23, 2017 7:29 pm

@nick7777 escribió:
En vista del previsible repunte de los ingresos por concepto de explotación de recursos minerales y naturales renovables,CABE PREGUNTARSE CUALES PROGRAMAS DE ADQUISICIÓN SERÁN RETOMADOS EN LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA,para eso es este hilo.

y falta el ingreso por concepto de venta de gas que les comente hace un tiempo.
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por vudu 1 el Sáb Feb 25, 2017 1:11 pm

BUEN aporte nickk,  padre trata de ver si esas informaciones se pueden traducir al ESPAÑOL ya que todo eso en INGLES se hace un poquito LIDIOSO, yo poseo un buen ingles en lectura pero muchos usuarios no.   Y hay Palabras tecnicas en el ingles que no se que es y se debe buscar los significados a parte....


Pero buen material.......

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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Sáb Feb 25, 2017 7:07 pm

@vudu 1 escribió:BUEN aporte nickk,  padre trata de ver si esas informaciones se pueden traducir al ESPAÑOL ya que todo eso en INGLES se hace un poquito LIDIOSO, yo poseo un buen ingles en lectura pero muchos usuarios no.   Y hay Palabras tecnicas en el ingles que no se que es y se debe buscar los significados a parte....


Pero buen material.......
tá jodia la cosa hermanito,porque no tengo tiempo para traducir,y el "lomito" en la web,está en inglés,ruso y mandarín,de estos últimos ni papa,así que me limito al inglés y al español,lo que no entiendas subráyamelo y me lo mandas vía mp....
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por vudu 1 el Sáb Feb 25, 2017 8:32 pm

No valeeee   no que traduscas toooodo..


en la web existe en muchas paginas opción TRADUCCIÓN....

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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por nick7777 el Sáb Feb 25, 2017 9:02 pm

@vudu 1 escribió:No valeeee   no que traduscas toooodo..


en la web existe en muchas paginas opción TRADUCCIÓN....
okey,pero nojoda,que la traduzcan ellos,además,son traducciones superchimbas,pregúntale a chaco ,queda una vaina peor que en ingllés.incoherente...
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por vudu 1 el Miér Mar 08, 2017 8:43 pm

AVIONES DE GUERRA ELECTRONICA.... en futuro muyyyy cercano ahh bueno

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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por Apofis el Miér Mar 08, 2017 11:02 pm

queeeee? suelta vudu
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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

Mensaje por vudu 1 el Dom Mar 12, 2017 12:16 pm

Entre rusos, y chinos es el Baile andan cotizando y mostrando se conoce en los predios de la AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA estaran de visita comisiones de dichas empresas haciendo sus respectivos lobbys......


Con platica en mano, srs las Fuerzas armadas estan de compras otra vez...   Equipamiento y entrenamiento al 100% Es el objetivo....

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Re: FUTUROS SISTEMAS DE ARMAS PARA LA AVIACIÓN BOLIVARIANA

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